You’ve always thought it would be wise to be better prepared for emergencies, but you don’t know where to start? This emergency preparedness checklist includes all the major disciplines that should be covered, as well as links to more detailed information on each area. Use these basics as a guide to prepare for emergencies, and when you are done with them, you will be ready to face events that may occur in our future.
Before you begin, it is helpful to determine what you need to prepare for. When we visit places of preparation, we are sometimes immediately struck by the number of things there are to buy, make and learn. Almost from the very beginning you hear about WROL, combat rifles, thousands of rounds of ammunition, pressure guns, INCH/BOB bags and primitive skills. Global and national events occur, such as nuclear war, internet viruses, and the Great Restart.
They all have their place, but sometimes something is missing and that can lead to a very overwhelming introduction. This can make it difficult to prioritize time and money, even for those with experience and years of preparation.
To help set priorities, we can look at what is most likely to happen in the near future and in our lives, and use this information to decide where to focus our time, effort and resources to prepare the way.
Everyday emergencies are those that affect you every day in our modern lives when you read English. While some of them cover larger groups, most items are for personal or family use. It’s the kind of thing the neighbors might not notice. A few examples:
- Redundancies, reduction of working hours, reduction of wages
- Basic bills (roof, medical, heating, ventilation, veterinary)
- House Fire
- Severe Trauma / Underdeveloped Disability
- Robbery, burglary, mugging.
- Accidents and car breakdowns (temporary restoration of transport)
- Temporary power outages (from a few hours to 1-3 days).
These are things we can read about in our almanacs and from insurance companies. They regularly reach a larger number of people. In some cases, it may be a city block or a street, part of a city or county, or the entire state or even region. It would be things like…
- Boiling water pipe breakage
- Hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, extreme cold or heat
- Fires, thunderstorms…
- Temporary interruptions (2-5 days)
- Active fire or bomb threat, terrorist event.
5-10 Annual cases
These things happen regularly, but not often. Some occur in cycles. Some of these, like the natural disasters described above, form an almost predictable cycle. Some are unpredictable by nature, but like the back alleys of a country or hurricane prone areas, you learn to expect them.
The space covered by the term generation tends to change when the strictest definitions are used. Most of them belong to a generation that is about 20 to 30 years old. A few examples of things that are passed down from generation to generation:
- The great wars (mental and physical handicap, influence of income on good and bad results)
- Recessions, depressions
- Fuel cost cycles (more extreme)
- Severe and persistent weather (droughts, floods, late or early spring).
- Floods on 25 and 50
life cycle/housing/permitted cases
Much of this will affect the region, not just one nation, but many. Some of them are also scary types of gotcha or clickbait that people seem to focus on.
Some people believe in it, and I try not to judge people based on their beliefs. In the past, the poles have shifted, Yellowstone erupted, major solar storms have affected energy, and asteroids have hit our earth. Will they be repeated during our lifetime or ever? Some almost certainly are. Some of them may be companies. Some of them… are possible.
It is a fact that most of us will experience something first or second grade at least once in our lives, and for some of us it is a regular part of life. In many cases of turmoil and crisis, we probably want electricity anyway.
We will still have a job or need to find a new one, we will still be able to show up for showers and have money for services, doctor’s appointments will still be scheduled, hunting and squatting in national parks will still be frowned upon, and fighting equipment on the street will still be the exception rather than the rule.
In some cases, the duration of life-changing events can be as short as a few hours or days. In many parts of the world, however, these hours or days can be very unpleasant, even deadly. The ability to maintain a CPAP machine, repair a fallen or broken one, and continue living after a squirrel attack or a falling tree is as important as protecting your home from looters and making candles out of beeswax.
It’s not much use to me to be able to fend off a horde of zombies if my car is in bad shape every day and blocking me on my way to work. 5K-10K cartridges multiplied by my 7 platforms sounds great when I don’t have oil, coolant, jumper cables and fixed or miniature air compressor in my car so I can safely hop home – every day.
By prioritizing my preparations instead of ignoring them, and keeping track of what supplies I still need instead of continuing to add things to my favorite reserve for preparedness, I will help prevent everyday disasters that can really cause turmoil.
Common training errors
So you’ve got that preparation thing, right? You have a lot of material to prepare for every eventuality, and there isn’t much more you haven’t bought or thought about. You and your family have all the land, all the T’s are crossed, and your stuff doesn’t stink. Congratulations! So you’ve joined an elite group of people who have something. What’s the next step?
Did you make any mistakes in your preparation?
When the preparers think they can finally sit back and relax, we get complacent. If we let it go long enough, we won’t be much better than someone who hasn’t prepared at all. If you let your guard down or think you’ve completed your training, you could make mistakes that could negatively impact your family or your group, and we don’t want that to happen.
Forget to turn your bearing
Most of us get our survival food from many different sources. It is advisable to have a good mix for long-term food storage, for example. B. dehydrated or frozen foods that can last for years. Then we have, for example, foodstuffs with a shelf life of several years. B. Canned grains or veggies (for general) and maybe BRE and Mainstay bars to add to the mix.
Finally, in the freezer and refrigerator we have food that we have purchased from our local supermarket. It’s easy to see a buried pantry and sit back while you feed your family. I know because I’ve fallen into the same trap. The food you store is great, but to really get the longest shelf life and greatest nutrient capacity, you need to rotate it the right way.
Messages are the easiest to apply this principle, but the mechanical part is not always easy. All products you purchase must be sold out and restocked using the FIFO method. FIFO simply means First In First Out. It’s pretty simple, and everyone understands that, right?
Forgot to fill in the form
How many of you have brought a first aid kit on your trek and had to use it? That’s what happened to me, and I was grateful to have everything I needed to treat minor injuries. The people I’ve dealt with have appreciated it too, but what happens when you need supplies? They need to be refilled.
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- FAST PREPARATION – Just pour hot water into the bag and eat in less than 10 minutes without cleaning. This cover is wider and shorter and offers a great carapace feel. It takes 18 cups of water to cook all the food in this bucket.
- LIGHT AND COMPACT – Meals are freeze-dried to preserve nutrients, freshness and weight. The bucket weighs 5.7 pounds and measures 12(L) x 10(W) x 12.31(H). Enjoy the outdoors or your next camping trip.
- RECYCLEBLE – Recycle used bags with TerraCycle to reduce waste.
If you use basic preparation, it’s great for many reasons. Above all, you are prepared for the unexpected and have the practice and familiarity of your supplies. Don’t make the mistake of running out of rice and not buying new rice. If a storm comes and you need to use a backup propane tank, make sure you have a backup tank as soon as possible.
If you used the reserve fuel to refuel the mower, fill the reserve tank on the next trip.
Not knowing how to use your stuff
This is probably the biggest preparation mistake we can make, because it can lead us to reckless behavior in the future. Suppose you have bought a big new boat and you are going to sail it for the first time. Want to know how the lifeboats work, or just want to sit on the deck?
Lifeboats are fun, but if your new toy hits an iceberg in the middle of the night and you’re up there trying to read the manual while you’re tired and scared and it might rain, will you regret it?
Resources are necessary, and they have their place in everyone’s education. Wouldn’t it be perfect if you were Bear Grylls and could use a survival mirror to catch a few twigs in a fire and survive? Yes, but it’s also important to know how to use a firelighter or even a lighter to make a fire.
Many of us have bought a flour mill and hundreds of pounds of hard red winter wheat, but have you ever ground that wheat into flour and baked with it? I did, and to begin with I was surprised how long it took, and I have a decent grain mill. I may not have done it right, but I had to go through the mill several times and adjust the grindstones to get the right flour composition.
This may not be a life or death lesson, but I learned more about grinding than I thought. The same applies to canning. If you buy a dozen cans and lids and a big, old jug that you’ve never canned before, you may suddenly wake up. We had some canning issues that caused us to eat more vegetables than we expected, but we learned some invaluable lessons. For example, don’t start canning beets in the pressure cooker at 10 p.m. if you plan on going to sleep that way.
If you own firearms but have never been to the range to become an expert, they may be useless to you when you need them. If you really need a weapon, you instinctively want to know how it works. Do you think your safety is guaranteed, even in the dark? Do you know how to reload or solve a jam without looking at your gun?
How to persuade someone to prepare.
When I started to wake up and realize that our society is fragile and I noticed daily threats that I didn’t know about, the first person I wanted to talk to about it was my wife. I didn’t break it slowly either. I think I read a few books and did a lot of research on the internet, and then one night as we were getting ready for bed, I came across my entire list of problems and all the basic preparations we had to buy before the network went down.
It didn’t go as well as we expected. My wife looked at me and said: This is crazy. It was my first attempt to convince someone else (who I cared about) to be prepared, and I failed miserably. The sting was worse, because if anyone would understand and support me, it would be my husband, right? Wrong.
Convincing someone of a new or totally foreign concept is no easy task. Especially when the concept, like disaster preparedness, takes them out of their comfort zone, costs a lot of money, or may embarrass them in some way.
Understanding your audience
Understanding your audience is an important factor to consider when having a conversation where you are trying to convince them of your point of view. The more you know about the person, the better prepared you will be to discuss preparation with them in a way that makes them feel comfortable and open to discussion. For me, some of them play on a subtle level, like asking leading questions or using the news to sell a point.
If I had a colleague with whom I wanted to talk about education, I would first wait for the right opportunity. If a situation arises, like the recent massive power outage in Texas, and there is a problem, you can talk to them about how to prepare. But the way you will do it will be different from the way you would deal with your brother or sister. Try to balance your enthusiasm and energy with the interest of your conversation partner. Actually, I try to keep my tone a step lower than everyone else’s. Here’s an example.
Your colleague comes up to you and remembers Hurricane X and the tragedy of people being without power for weeks and waiting in line for gas. You could suggest words like I feel sorry for them. That’s why I have a spare fuel for emergencies, because you never know what can happen. I think it’s important to say this with humility, not in a tone that makes these people look like idiots.
It could lead to other problems or die on the spot, but you’ve left the impression with a colleague that someone has thought about these things and that it wouldn’t be so bad if the same scenario happened to you. They may come back to you later with more questions, or it may just be a spark that gets them thinking. Sometimes I think the first step to thinking about preparation is to hear that someone you know and respect is already thinking the same thing.
Focus on the need, not the cause.
I have often tried to convince my spouse that an accident or disaster is just around the corner, and I believe that in some cases this is not the best approach. My wife would have one of the first two reactions to my conspiracy theories or exaggerated claims about a rapidly approaching end of the world.
First she wants to convince me that I’m wrong about myself. My wife is very intelligent and knows history, so she has a wealth of knowledge to draw from, which takes us even further away from what I am trying to achieve. In my head, I’m just trying to get them ready. But when I explain to her some of the (rather alternative) reasons for exercise, she forgets the need for it and concentrates on debunking my theories.
Then she didn’t want to believe it was hopeless. For them, if we really are heading for disaster or economic collapse, what’s the point of trying? Instead of convincing her of what we need to do to live in this situation, I left her even more distraught. My job was to change that mindset quickly.
I have learned in these discussions that my wife has a different opinion than me on many things, but that is perfectly normal. She can easily see the value of food by looking at the empty shelves after being scared by COVID. She might appreciate having a few dozen gallons of gasoline when the pumps at the gas station stop working. She can imagine not using toilet paper because we don’t have it and the stores are closed, or having to have another stove in case of a power outage.
It’s sometimes easier to get the person you’re trying to convince to think about the ultimate situation you’re describing (famine, gas rationing, city closures) than to think about the possible causes of these scenarios.
After some discussion about the various forces that I believe are conspiring to create our future SHTF, I changed tactics. I wasn’t trying to convince my wife that zombies were coming to eat everyone’s brains, but I was using real people reacting to real natural disasters to emphasize what I wanted her to understand. When you see people on television who are not ready and you imagine how they must be suffering, it is easier to put yourself in the same situation.
What I was struggling with didn’t really matter anymore. My wife started imagining that her family had nothing to eat because the electricity was out or the roads were blocked, and then I stocked up on food for a month and it wasn’t a big deal anymore.
Taking advantage of small wins
When you have someone in your life who you truly love and care about, you should consider everything a work in progress. Your marriage is not something you put a day’s work into and then spend the rest of your life on a roller coaster. Sometimes it feels like preparation. You can negotiate a month’s supply of food or enough water, but it takes much longer to get a gun. You’re best off making your own duffel bag, but you’re not happy about wanting a concealed weapon possession permit.
Expect that you will not be able to defeat this or any other person immediately, but that your actions and lifestyle will be revised over a period of months or even years. If you can convince your parents to buy a gun for their safety, but they think you’re crazy for keeping food, be glad they have a gun. Don’t question everything just because they’re not by your side in your buggy in camouflage gear and ready for the end of the world.
Like I said, everyone has different opinions and priorities. You must be consistent in your beliefs and loving in your concern and show them that you take them seriously. Over time, the people you are trying to convince will see how you act. Ultimately, they will decide how they want to live their lives.
Ultimately, it is up to you to prepare yourself and your family. Part of a leader’s responsibility is to engage people. It may not happen overnight, but you’ve already decided to do what it takes to survive, right? You have to have the same beliefs with the people you love. Never give up and always be there for them when they need you.
What you take with you every day is your first preparation tool.
Bring the items you need for daily use, as well as personal preparation items that each of you should have on hand at all times when you leave the house. These are tools that can be useful in a variety of situations, but more importantly, they all have one or more life-saving properties when used in the right context. Most of us don’t walk out the front door without our keys, wallet and cell phone, but there are other EDC elements to consider if you want to get a head start on the next one when your life is on the line.
What is transport in everyday life?
Before we go into detail, let’s put into context what it means to wear daily. Simply put, the gear you carry with you every day, EDC for short, is the gear you carry with you every day. There are many ways to look at this issue, and the degree of daily wear and tear can vary depending on your particular situation. For example, a woman who works as a delivery person does not have the same daily needs as a man who works in a municipal office.
There are many things people can wear, and they are covered in detail in our full article on EDC, but here are the basics. This list gives us a starting point, so here they are in no particular order:
When I walked through the door, I always went to work:
- The keys, which contain a small FireStash lighter.
- Mobile phone
- Reserve (emergency) Species
The above list is what I consider the basic EDC items you should have with you wherever you go. Yeah, it’s always better to carry a gun. Especially when you need it, but sometimes it’s not practical. Sometimes, even with a concealed weapons permit, it’s not legal.
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But what about that list of everyday things that can save your life? These are the basics. Keys, an obvious necessity if you have a car if you want to walk away. The keys can also be used as a defensive weapon in case of emergency.
Knives are useful for self-defense. They can be used to cut and trim many things, and a knife is one of the simplest tools you never want to miss. Having a light to see in the dark and a way to make fire is an obvious necessity.
Make sure your home is prepared
We have now developed a preparation framework, your own decision matrix and some personal responsibility with your CRC, followed by a wider preparation framework for your home. That’s one reason why it’s important to involve your loved one before you start buying and stocking up on these items.
Storage of foodstuffs
I wanted to give advice on building emergency supplies that everyone can use. I’m going to focus on people who are just starting out, but I think some ideas on the following topics could be helpful to anyone who wants their family to be safely fed and not go hungry. This article also contains dozens of links to other papers on the subject for further reading.
I believe there are 5 basic elements of survival that everyone should consider. These include water, food, shelter, safety and hygiene. In this series Back to Basics, I’m going to discuss each of them. Last week we talked about the need for water and how to easily store water for emergencies that traditional methods of water supply make impossible. Water is more important to life than food, or at least you can live longer without food than without water, but both are important.
Why is it necessary to store food for emergencies?
If you are new to teaching, perhaps something has made you aware of the issue. Ferrets have many reasons for doing what they do, and no two ferrets are the same. Some are preparing for the end of the world, but most see our daily lives as situations that are the perfect excuse to stock up on groceries. The recent winter storm that hit much of the East Coast is a perfect example of why you don’t want your family to lose their livelihood.
It seems almost insignificant now, but it always happens when a winter storm is predicted. Everyone rushes to the store and some food is destroyed. Pictures of empty shelves appear in almost all press releases and possibly on the websites of the preparers. Food shortages during simple storms are common and even predictable. We don’t even blink anymore because we are so used to waiting until the last minute and stopping at the corner grocery store on our way home from work to buy something we need or a cheap meal.
If you can’t go more than three days without going to the store, it’s time to assess whether your family is ready. The statistic we hear most often is that the average household only has food for 3 days. If that’s true, where would you be on the third day if you couldn’t get to the grocery store before the storm? What if, instead of a snowstorm, a virus had broken out and everyone had to stay inside to prevent infection? Each of us should stock up on more food than absolutely necessary for family and friends, so that surprises don’t leave them hungry.
How much food should I store?
In the example above, I used a virus outbreak as a circumstance that prevents you from doing business. But there are others, and time can certainly be one of them. Some of the storms where I live have made the roads impassable for a week. Can we go to the store? Sure, but what would happen if the stores, already nearly empty, were closed? What should I do if a power failure prevents the work from being carried out? That’s something you should consider.
Cooking is not something you can do. What I mean is, you’ll never be fully prepared. You can be much more prepared than some or all of the people around you, but you will never be 100% self-sufficient. Preparation should be gradual, even if you have more money than you know what to do with, because when you start stocking up on food, you learn.
A good rule of thumb for me is to start small by stockpiling emergency supplies. You don’t need a year’s supply of frozen food to get started. Try eating extra foods that your family has been eating for a few weeks. This is done without the need for exotic storage, usually, or 5-gallon buckets of grain to know how to cook.
My wife buys food and I started giving her extra money to buy more. I did it in the beginning because she is a much better buyer than I am and she always saves more money than I do. It worked well because it easily filled our pantry and provided many meals that lasted 30 days. Sure, at the end of those 30 days, we’d be dealing with more exotic canned mushrooms and soups that would be better left in the recipe than a full meal, but we wouldn’t be hungry.
What types of food are best to store?
After a month of saving food and water, I began to consider other options. I think everyone should have a step-by-step approach to storage. This gives you flexibility and above all variety, which makes all the difference whether you go away for 6 months or 1 year or 2 years. My personal goal is to store food for my family for two years, but it’s not just about food from our supermarket. It is certainly possible, but with a very good rotation plan.
Food storage should ideally include
Short-term food storage – The best and easiest foods, as mentioned above, are the ones your family eats every day. Remember that most of these foods should not be perishable, in case you lose energy. The preserves go well with pasta, beverages and staple foods. They usually last at least a year.
Medium-term food storage – For the period of 5-10 years, MREs are an excellent option, although they are heavier and more expensive in terms of convenience. I have several of these boxes, and I like MREs because they are self-sustaining and don’t require water. Frozen camping food like Mountain Home is also a good option, just add hot water. Rice and beans are good additions to this category because you don’t have to store them as long as they stay fresh and dry.
Food storage for the long haul – When you start looking at food that is stored for years, you end up with stored grains like hard red winter wheat that you store in sealed 5 gallon buckets. Frozen foods from one of the many vendors in the area generally have a 20-year shelf life and are individually wrapped in Mylar bags. They need water to rehydrate, but can taste great. Make sure you have herbs with you….
Renewable food storage is when you need to put your indoor keeper to work. Renewable food is an intensive garden, small livestock such as chickens or rabbits, and sometimes game caught by hunting or snares. At worst, you’ll run out of food, so it’s a good idea to make a plan in advance to be ready.
Stocking up on food is just the beginning of cooking. We have a garden and a small flock of chickens. Canned food so we can survive the worst disasters. Hopefully the misfortune will be alleviated before the food runs out and life returns to normal. Otherwise, we have a huge foot with which to continue harvesting our garden for food like the pioneers did. This approach gives us a sense of security and prepares us to come out the other side alive.
Water storage and filtration
Why is it important to know how to store drinking water?
The simple answer to this question is one you probably already know. We all need water to survive, and if you go without water for a while, your health deteriorates. You may get a headache, become lethargic and weak. If you stay in the water for more than a few days, you will die. Water, or not enough drinking water, will kill you more than anything else (I’ll talk about other topics later).
It’s very simple. Normally anyone can accept this assumption without even blinking an eye. They often struggle with the idea that one day they might run out of drinking water. In almost every developed country in the world, we have water treatment plants, sanitation and systems that bring clean water into our homes or offices, and it’s hard to walk around the smallest of cities without quickly finding good, clear plastic water bottles for sale.
But what if the tap water is polluted? What if the tap no longer delivers clean, sparkling water? What if the stores were empty of all those bags and pouches of bottled water? This is where emergency preparedness and water supply needs begin.
To prepare, you need to do something preventative.
How much water should I have in stock?
So we agree that everyone needs to stockpile water, but the obvious question is: how much water should be stored? The amount of water you need depends on several factors. As a general rule, one gallon of water per person per day is required.
This rule of thumb of one liter per day indicates the need for hydration and hygiene. You won’t necessarily drink gallons of water, but you may need it to pick up frozen food, clean your cookware or wash yourself. Some days you don’t even need half a gallon of water. On other days, you may need much more than a gallon. When you exert yourself physically or when your temperature rises and you lose moisture through perspiration.
In my opinion, water is one of the easiest requirements to cross off the list, and because it is so important, it ranks first in this series. To calculate the amount of water you will need, simply multiply the number of people you are cooking for by the number of days you want to stock up.
My family consists of those who live with me (4), plus the extended family members I plan to visit (possibly 4 more), plus a few friends (add 4), so I see a potential need for a water supply for 12 people. 12 people for a month is 12 X 30 = 360 gallons of water.
It’s only for a month. What if the emergency lasts longer than a month? What if the water in the city is still not drinkable then? 360 gallons takes up a lot of space no matter how you look at it. If you have 55 gallon barrels in your basement, there are 6 other barrels, and again, the assumption is that each of them can make do with a gallon or less per day.
Where is the best place to store drinking water?
I have many different ways to store water. The former is stored in heavy plastic containers with a capacity of 7 gallons each. They are great because they are easier to transport, stackable and I can create storage space in smaller places. B. Shelves in the pantry. Plus, I can easily move them in my getaway car if I need to. This vault only lasts a week.
Then I have rain barrels that hold 50 gallons each. The advantage of rainwater tanks is that they can be filled by Mother Nature without you having to do anything other than disinfect the water. But you need an outdoor location, and not everyone has a house on the ground where you can attach a barrel under the gutter. People who live in apartments have other space constraints.
For apartment dwellers, I recommend using storage, but spreading it throughout the apartment so as not to have the weight of everyone in one room. As a general rule, all houses are built on concrete foundations, so even a few hundred pounds of water in a closet will not damage the soil. If necessary, you can also test the memory.
What do you do when you run out of water?
But no matter how much water you store, it can always run out in the worst of emergencies, so it’s important to have a backup plan to get good water later. In fact, I think it’s more important in the long run to plan to buy water than to store it.
Bacteria and viruses in the water are not something we want to have to deal with in a disaster situation. Gastrointestinal viruses, even mild ones, can make you collapse and cause diarrhea. Who wants to worry about getting sick when in the end the world is a lot less broken than if there isn’t enough toilet paper? A simple and reliable method of making your water potable is also very important.
Boiling water is a safe way to kill all bacteria and viruses. The downside of this approach for me is that you have to light a fire and use a barrel. Fire can warn people where you are, and that may not be what you want. Also, you have to wait for the water to cool before you can drink it, and boiling the water does not remove sediment, but makes the water safer to drink.
I believe the best water filtration to survive is with gravity filters, and I prefer gravity filters for their ease of use, compactness and filtration capacity. With a filter like the Platypus Gravityworks, you can quickly filter 4 liters of water by simply filling a bag and it’s ready to drink in minutes. I literally filtered 2 liters in less than 2 minutes.
Disinfectant bleach, water purification tablets and even iodine can also be used, but these methods are not without drawbacks and require a waiting period before the chemicals take effect. The choice is yours, but there are options.
Make sure you have plans in place to provide your own survival team with water at the beginning of an emergency and long after by developing your water preparedness plan now.
The main purpose of training or survival is to stay alive, but the disciplines that promote survival can easily be divided into food, water, shelter, self-defense, and first aid. There are many other directions, but this is a simplistic view of the priorities. Self-defense is more urgent, and our plans to fortify the home are among the most important elements of initial survival we can discuss.
How should you approach national capacity building?
When I think about fixing up a house, it’s always from a shop perspective. In the case of the burglar, if I’m not home, I want him to leave and not be able to come back in. When I’m home, I want the preparations for fortifying my home to give me time to grab my weapons and prepare for the threat.
I do not consider any structure I have built or could build to be an impregnable fortress that could stop a horde or a band of rebels. If you get enough time, the assigned forces will invade your house or destroy it with you in it.
Of course, we can make the entrance of our houses more complicated, and it is easy to do so, but it will not turn your house into a medieval castle. Every step I take first warns me that someone from the outside is trying to get in, and then, as an added bonus, saves me time to take action, which increases our security.
Thinking about strengthening houses in layers
For our protection, we don’t care about the people in our house, we care about the people outside trying to get in. The first level of protection starts with the house itself and the access points that someone might use to get in.
You may be thinking, why not the boundaries of your property? Don’t you want to know if someone was in your yard long before they came to your door? Yes and no. Yes, it would be helpful to know if someone is in the garden, but he could also be there by accident. They can’t try to break into your house either.
On the other hand, I don’t care if you know they’re in your backyard, but they can come and bash in your door. Knowing they are coming is not the most important thing to worry about. For me, it’s more important to warn them for as long as possible.
- Security cameras – Why a camera system? The documentation should give the authorities something to look at and should act as a deterrent. Thanks to a security camera, you can see who is at your door. There are many options for security cameras, with battery or wired, Wi-Fi or wired options, and on-site or cloud storage. With many, you can now even hear and talk to the person at the door.
- Steel doors – But the security camera is only one part, the physical door is really the weakest link. When you think about what makes your home door safe, the connection points are very thin. Wooden doors, especially hollow wood doors, are less resistant to physical violence than steel doors. In the U.S. it is not a solid steel door, but steel panels wrapped around the frame, but it is the best frame to start with.
- Make breaking and entering more difficult – Most defects on doors occur at the lock case, because the wood and usually the screws that secure the cards are not strong enough. Go through the reservation door. Door Armor (formerly EZ Armor) is an easy-to-install retrofit kit with thin steel spacers that significantly increase the strength of your door and strengthen weak points. There are covers for the hinge plates, locking cores and the post itself, as well as 3 screws ½.
- Window film – There are many options for window film, and if you apply it yourself, you can save money. Window film has a self-adhesive backing, so you apply it the same way you would apply window film to your car. It takes patience, but it’s just a DIY project. If you can work with a rubber squeegee and a squeegee bottle, you should have no problems.
- Window protection panels – more visible, window protection panels keep people out of your windows. In general, window locks do not prevent a window from being smashed or a smaller object from entering. They are usually seen in densely populated complexes such as. B. in apartments or windows on the ground floor of certain buildings.
We hope this gives you ideas on how to better enhance your home with relatively inexpensive solutions. If you won the lottery and decided to build this mountain bunker, send me some pictures. For the rest of us, in the absence of total anarchy, the above measures will make your home much safer for you and much harder to access.
There are some things that are more likely to lead to a fight than talking about weapons, and more specifically what the best weapons are for internal defense when you are just starting to prepare for emergencies. There are entire forums on survival on this topic alone, and if you want opinions, there are plenty of places to find them. It sounds like a conversation about withdrawal or exit from the European Union. During a bunkering you can choose from a whole range of options, opinions and reasons why you should or shouldn’t do this or that which everyone suggests.
To make my beliefs on this subject a little clearer, let me make it clear that I am addressing this recommendation to people who do not currently own any other firearms. If you just realized that you might need firearms to defend your home and are looking for the best guns to buy first, then this post is for you.
For someone who has nothing, I’m going to go on an adventure and describe what I consider to be the best home defense weapon that can be purchased right now, and for a lot of different factors. The factors that determine the choice of these weapons depend, among other things, on current events and the political climate.
To cut to the chase, if you’re not buying other weapons, the 12-gauge shotgun is the best option you have right now. I sincerely believe that, taking all else into consideration, it is the best weapon for the defense of the homeland. Let the curse begin! Why do I say shotgun and not pistol or machete or AR or AK? I’m glad you asked!
- Cost – A 12-gauge shotgun is the cheapest shotgun you can buy, as most shotguns now sell for over $500. If you can find him at all.
- Availability – You know guns and ammo are flying off the shelves right now. However, shotguns do not yet attract the attention of burglars, and they are still more easily accessible than other weapons.
- Easy to purchase – Hunting rifles or long guns generally do not have the ridiculous licensing requirements that accompany the purchase of a machine gun. Yes, you still have to fill out documents, but in many states you don’t need a permit.
- Ease of Use – A good shotgun is pretty simple; just point and shoot.
So, for all these reasons, the 12-gauge is my favorite as a first home defense weapon. If you have more money, there are a few additional items I recommend for your battery survival weapons, but I’ll save those for later as well.
Health and hygiene
As you think about how to prepare your family to survive a disaster or emergency, don’t forget about their health. Your family’s health doesn’t just depend on having enough food. Having the best self-defense weapons is good and important, but what if a member of your group gets sick when it could have easily been prevented with an adequate health survival plan? What if the killer attacking you is a scary little microorganism you’ve never seen before?
What is sanitation for survival?
And how is survival rehab any different if it’s some kind of disaster? Let’s keep it simple and say that the importance of hygiene is related to waste disposal. In the grid-connected scenario, most of us have access to a large number of systems that provide sanitation services. We have running water, toilets, garbage pickup, and dumpsters.
If you didn’t have them, you probably wouldn’t be reading this on the internet. These systems keep garbage and waste away from us pretty well, and that’s a big problem. Without sanitation, diseases spread quickly.
For example, more than half a million people contracted cholera after the Hati earthquake in 2010. This disease quickly spread to neighboring countries, so serious was it. Cholera is a water-borne disease. In Haiti, where most people did not have public sewers or sanitary latrines after the disaster, people often drank from the same water source where they bathed and defecated.
Cholera patients develop severe diarrhea and can become dehydrated without immediate treatment. Rapid dehydration can cause shock, which can result in death.
How can we prevent this from happening to us or our families? In many ways, but one of the biggest challenges is making sure our waste doesn’t contaminate our drinking water. To do this, we can make sure we have a way to filter our water, but more importantly, we have a plan to take care of good old #2.
General cleanliness is also an important issue, which is why it’s a good idea to stock up on soap, gloves for handling dirty things, garbage bags and disinfectants.
You can read more about survivorship rehab in our article here.
A communication plan for surviving a disaster or survival situation is important for your preparation. It can be a plan to communicate with your family when you are away. It could be communicating as a group during a retreat or observing your neighbors, or it could just be letting family members know where you are when you need to be apart?
If you make plans for your survival, you can now save someone else’s life and make all the other plans you have to execute easier.
- Solar powered radios/crank radios – I recommend that everyone have at least one emergency radio or solar powered radio at every workplace. I keep one with my emergency supplies and I just go into the other room and take it out of the box. You want a radio that runs on batteries in case of power outages, and a good option is a solar panel or cranks to power the radio if you don’t have batteries.
- UHF radios – UHF radios generally have a range of 5 to 20 miles, depending on the terrain. Each channel has its own frequency and channel 9 is an emergency channel. You can listen to the news on Channel 9 and stay in touch with friends and family who are away from home. Some models, such as. B. the Cobra® 29 LTD BT, now even has Bluetooth to receive calls on your CB. All you need is a credit card and an antenna and you’re good to go. Setting up is easy and you can talk to anyone at your disposal.
- Scanner – An excellent addition to the CB radio is a scanner, also called a police scanner, which randomly scans all radio frequency channels. He surfs for you, and if he finds traffic, he stays on that channel during the broadcast. Some scanners have thousands of frequencies that allow you to hear what emergency responders are saying. You can also listen to the news before it’s on TV. If the scanners are still working and your police department is not blocking the frequency, you can somehow hear what is happening in other parts of your city and make plans to shut down if necessary.
- Two-way FMRS radios – Anyone who has ever been to Walmart has seen FRS radios or walkie-talkies. They are perfect for car trips when you want to stay in touch with another driver in another vehicle. They are also perfect for camping when one group wants to separate from another. They have a much smaller range, which is strongly influenced by the line of sight. I think the pair I bought indicates a range of 23 miles. Yes, it’s true! Maybe if you were standing in the middle of the desert and saw a man 10 miles away.
- Military Surplus – Again, one of my favorite options (for some scenarios) is the good old campaign phone (TA-312/PT).
Whatever method you choose (we have several), it is wise to think about the different scenarios and communication plans you would use to stay in touch with your family. How about shortwave or amateur radio? That’s a good question.
I think amateur radio is a good option, but it’s a complicated business with higher entry costs, a learning curve and a commitment, which means it’s worth having your own station. You can find out more about Ham Radio here.
A generator without gas is like a gun without ammo. For a generator to be useful to you and not just an expensive and heavy paperweight, you must have a long-term plan for fuel storage.
The same goes if you don’t want to end up like the millions of people who can’t get gas each year after a natural disaster like Hurricane Sandy. A good fuel storage plan usually includes the purchase and proper handling of a minimum amount of fuel that will allow you to execute the scenario you have planned.
This could be fuel for your generators or enough gas to get you to the scene of a breakdown. It’s easier to buy and store fuel in advance, so you don’t have to stand in line in case of an emergency. If you are considering long-term fuel storage, there are a number of things to consider, which we will look at below.
What is the best container for long-term fuel storage?
Just as it is important to have water on hand in an emergency, it is important to have a supply of fuel in containers that protect the fuel and are easy to transport. Can you store gas in thousands of gallons underground? Yes, and this is my dream scenario, but for now I think most others and I will have to settle for something more cost effective and portable.
There are many different types of fuel tanks, but for gas the most common type currently on sale is a red plastic one with some sort of integrated pouring spout. Kerosene tanks are blue, diesel is yellow, and it’s important to follow this handy color convention so you don’t accidentally just pour gas into your kerosene stove and burn your eyebrows or worse.
Use of fuel additives for the long-term storage of fuels
Over time, gas loses its power, and the same goes for diesel and kerosene. Diesel fuel z. B. without additives will keep for about 12 months at a temperature below 70 degrees, provided it is kept in a sealed container. If your temperature is significantly higher than 70, this time is reduced by 50% to 6 months. According to BP,
As diesel fuels age, fine sludge and mud form as a result of the reaction of the diesel fuel components with oxygen in the air. Fine dirt and gums clog fuel filters, causing fuel to run out and the engine to stall. In this case, the filter must be changed frequently to keep the engine running. Sludge and deposits do not burn well in the engine and can cause soot formation and clogging of injectors and other combustion surfaces.
So what can we do to avoid such problems and save our fuel, because you don’t want to try to outrun the mutant bikers from Mars and turn off the engine, do you? Additions. There are two main additives I have come across, STA-BIL and PRI-G. PRI has several lines of additives and -G stands for gasoline.
They also have a PRI-D for diesel. PRI additives are designed to be added to your fuel every year to keep it in perfect condition. It is even claimed that if your fuel is already outdated, it has been proven that adding PRI-G will restore it to a freshly refined state. I wouldn’t check, but the PRI-G has a good reputation.
How much fuel should be stored for long periods?
Do you ever run out of fuel? I don’t know what you can do in an emergency. If you can’t get to a gas station or have rations at the pump, you can never have too many. Will 500 gallons be enough? It really depends. If you have a small power outage that lasts a few days, you don’t need that much gas at all. When the world ends and there are no gas stations left, those 500 gallons would be a big help, but it won’t last forever.
What I think is a good starting point is the 80/20 rule. What are the odds of needing that fuel? I think for most people, storing fuel for a car or a generator that is out of order is the most common scenario for planning. For your car, save as much gasoline as you need to get to the site of the damage and add 50%.
So if you need two tanks of gasoline to get to your retirement and your tank holds 20 gallons, I would store 60 gallons of reprocessed fuel. If for some reason the power grid collapses, the SHTFs and zombies all pass through the gas station parking lot, you should have enough to get them there.
As for the generator, you need to think about what you want to run and how long you want to run it for. 15 gallons is enough for me for about a week, as long as I only use the generator when I need it. Of course, it depends on the time of year, but it’s an average. Everyone should have at least one jerry can of gas for emergencies, but I like to have at least one gas tank for my car, which can hold about 17 gallons, and another 10 gallons for the generator.
Where should I store the fuel?
Fuel should be stored in a clean, preferably cool place, not close to the house. If possible, do not keep fuel in the house, as this is an accident that can happen. If my shed exploded, I would be less worried than if my house exploded.
Remember to run stored fuel for a long period.
Just a few weeks ago, I published an article about three common mistakes that meal preparers make and about storing fuel. I wouldn’t buy 50 gallons of gasoline, I’d add a stabilizer and forget it. Use and refresh your fuel every year, and you’ll be well prepared if you ever need your groceries.
Because they mix the gas differently in the winter, I buy the fuel around January and store it all year. Before the start of January, I load my gas tank into the car, fill up my reserves, and then head to the pump for a fresh load. So I think my fuel will be in as good a condition as possible.
Packing and bunkering
You may be wondering: What the hell is he talking about? So we have to be determined. Running away is packing up and leaving the house to go somewhere else. This may or may not be consistent with the belief that you will never come back.
People displaced by a natural disaster, such as a flood or hurricane, are a common example of failure. They’re packing up their cars and getting out of Dodge. This is one reason why FEMA and other agencies recommend having a survival bag or BOB with supplies to keep you alive for 72 hours, so you can leave at any time.
Crouching or hiding is exactly the opposite of swerve. When you settle down, stay home with your provisions to weather the storm of chaos that is coming your way. The question is therefore raised in preparatory circles, usually in the context of political, biological or terrorist chaos: You want to take out Bug or Hunker?
To answer this question, you need to ask yourself a few questions to determine which option is best for you. The questions are pretty simple and turn around:
Your situation – can make a big difference in whether or not you make a mistake. How serious does the situation have to be before you make that call? What if you’re not home? What will your family do until you arrive? It’s the middle of winter and there’s half a foot of snow on the ground? Do you have the resources to protect yourself and your family?
Your health – Can you physically get up, strap a backpack on your back, walk out the door and never come back? Can you walk if you have to? Do you need medication that needs to be refrigerated or taken daily?
Your loved ones – Even healthy children under the age of 10 would have a hard time coping with a gaffe if the event is prolonged and there is no stability. You’re pregnant? Do you have pets you wouldn’t give up in a million years?
Where you live – Do you live in a place where you could live if the power grid collapsed tomorrow? Can you grow a garden or live in a high-rise in Chicago? You might have to leave town with millions of other people?
Threat – This may be the easiest question to answer, but given the specific threat, you will likely have more than one answer. Is your city in chaos with riots, fires and looting?
Your destination – Where do you want to go? Do you have a place to go with a survival kit full of supplies? You want to call the family together, load up the car and take the freeway? Where are you going?
Given all of the above, I think for the average citizen who has nowhere else to go, the best option is to plug in. You can’t go into the woods, shoot deer and squirrels and live like a boss. It just doesn’t happen to the average person. First of all, you won’t be alone. There could be millions of other people with you.
I have thought long and hard about this question, and I know that if my life circumstances had been different, I probably would have gotten a different answer. At this point, I vote to withdraw. All my supplies are here and we live in a relatively rural area.
I’m not so naive as to think we’d be insulated from the chaos, but I think we’d have better luck with shelter here than running through the woods and sleeping under a tarp. As much as I love camping, home is the best hiding place.
Can that change tomorrow? Of course he can. I am constantly assessing my situation, and as things change, so do my plans.
Despite the fact that this article was probably longer than you expected, we’re only scratching the surface. However, if you have the above elements, then you are prepared for most of the hardships that life can throw at you in the event of a disaster.
We also have a lot of other basic supplies that you can read more about in our Preparation 101 category.
frequently asked questions
What are the 10 items that make up an emergency kit?
Preparing for emergencies
Assembly kit. ready.gov
What should every Harbinger have?
30 survival items that every new customer should get.
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