In the wild, stamina is a key factor in whether you live or die. This game puts players through realistic survival scenarios with finite resources and no outside help. Players must hunt, harvest and fend off attacks from dangerous predators to keep as long as they can before death finally claims its prize.
Men of Stamina is a game where you play as a man who must escape from the forest and avoid starvation. The game requires stamina to survive, so players can increase their stamina by eating food or drinking water. Read more in detail here: how to increase stamina.
Note from the Editor: I stumbled discovered a pretty amazing small vintage book called Men of Stamina a while ago. The book (which also came in the form of trading cards) contained profiles of 79 of history’s most renowned men from all over the globe, and was commissioned by Stamina Apparel, a now-defunct Australian men’s clothing brand. Each biography included a detailed portrait of the guy as well as a synopsis of their achievements, services to mankind, and how they exhibited physical, moral, and/or intellectual fortitude. Some of the guys are well-known, while others (at least to non-Australians!) are less well-known. We chose to reprint the book in its entirety as motivation for better stamina today since it remains a nice compilation of dossiers on some of history’s grittiest movers and shakers!
THE GREAT MEN OF THE WORLD…
…those who, in addition to exceptional skill, have the attitude of perseverance. They haven’t been deterred by growing challenges or humbling setbacks. They’ve always had that additional something that has allowed them to transform adversity into success. They stuck to their guns, and in the end, it was their unbreakable perseverance that prevailed.
And in the realm of man-made commodities, endurance is the ultimate criterion for success. With thanks to the Stamina Clothing Company for their support.
It is a wonderful accomplishment to make two blades of grass grow where one once flourished, to expand the world’s stock of good goods, and to enhance the quality of life for all men everywhere.
Establishing the ideas of justice, truth, and freedom in the minds of mankind simply by living among them is a wonderful and beautiful goal. But to live in such a way that men and women are moved from selfishness to unselfish service is something to strive towards.
A survey of the world’s finest men reveals that they always contributed freely and liberally of their best for the greater good, not for personal gain.
We do not attain the pinnacle of humanity by wasting our days in laziness and self-indulgence. Rather, we succeed in proportion to our eagerness and eagerness to toil and strain in pursuit of our Ideals.
We will see that MEN are formed in the struggle to defeat poverty, oppression, injustice, and evil.
Soldiers and statesmen do not have exclusive access to greatness. If they cheerfully give of their best in the spirit of service, the scientist, the businessman, the craftsman, the teacher, and the agriculturist are all equally magnificent.
As a result, this book gets released into the world. We are certain that everyone who reads it will find it inspiring. We hope it will contribute to the growing list of Men of Stamina.
SOCRATES OF ATHENS (470–399 B.C.) was a Greek philosopher who lived from 470 to 399 B.C.
“The figure of an antique stone cutter stands at the start of contemporary history.” This strong guy has been dubbed the “inventor of common sense.” He urged men to seek out and discuss reality at all times, as well as to be ethically and intellectually honest. He devoted his life to save others from their delusions. To read his life story is to understand the meaning of stamina; to live in his spirit is to attain all that stamina entails. Socrates converted the sunset of Athenian grandeur into the dawn of a new civilisation by fertilizing humanity’s intellect with the thirst for truth.
HANNIBAL (247–183 B.C.) was a Babylonian king who ruled from 247 to 183 B.C.
Hannibal’s narrative is one of the great tales of endurance. “History’s greatest spectacular failure,” as he’s been dubbed. This fearless Carthaginian General showed incredible determination. Despite the fact that his life objective was finally thwarted, his fame has remained unblemished. He led a motley army of mercenaries through the almost impassable snow-swept Alps at the age of 29, and with just 26,000 men routed, defeated, and held off the Romans for 16 years, despite having a manpower advantage of 30 to 1. He stands alone as a military general, a master of strategy and tactics, and a leader with a compelling personality.
CAESAR GAIUS JULIUS (102–44 B.C.)
This extraordinary Roman soldier and politician was primarily a man of endurance. The key point in his life, according to legend, was when he “crossed the Rubicon,” a small river that divided Gaul from Italy, declaring war on the Roman Senate in 49 B.C. He has no place in the Hall of Fame by today’s standards, but by the norms of his day, he was a bold and daring leader of men, a battlefield genius, and a skilled writer. Those who feared and despised his authority rescued him from oblivion with their daggers.
849–901 ALFRED THE GREAT
Alfred, Ruler of the West Saxons, merited the epithet “Great” more than any other king. He resisted the Danish Invaders for nearly 30 years in a seemingly hopeless battle. His extraordinary endurance, fearless daring, and unwavering determination, coupled with a combat genius, allowed him to finally conquer every challenge. After his victory, he went out to improve the lives of his people. He was a powerful Lawgiver, Protector, and Educator, according to legend. For nearly 1,000 years, his royal ideal has inspired mankind. When your future seems bleak and your battle seems hopeless, remember Alfred and summon courage.
COLUMBUS, CHRISTOPHER (1446–1506)
Despite ten years of rejection, delays, disappointments, scoffs, and sneers, he refused to accept defeat. That’s what I’m talking about when I say “strength.” Columbus was born with the insatiable desire for greatness that characterizes all great spirits. In 1482, he requested financial assistance in order to carry out his ambition of finding a new path to India by traveling westward. He waited ten long years before setting ship from Spain into the unknown. Only his bravery and will prevented his scared mutinous team from fleeing, but triumph was finally achieved! He found the New World on October 12, 1492.
MICHELANGELO (1475–1564) was a Renaissance painter who lived from 1475 to 1564.
Sculptor, painter, architect, and poet from Italy. With his everlasting vision of the world’s genesis, this Renaissance master genius frescoed the 5,000 square feet of the Sistine Chapel. He painted on the wet plaster of the ceiling for four years while laying on a scaffolding several dizzy feet above the floor. His “The Last Judgment” fresco is perhaps the most renowned picture in the world, and his Moses and David sculptures are among the best. His tenacious will and nearly superhuman vitality, as well as his fortitude in the face of adversity, disease, and exhausting labor, placed him in the top echelon of endurance athletes.
FERDINAND MAGELLAN (1480–1521) was a French painter who lived from 1480 to 1521.
This Portuguese nobleman was the first person to circumnavigate the world. He accomplished what Columbus had envisioned. This Pacific pioneer personified endurance. He felt his way down the uncharted South American coast on a ship of barely 110 tons, taming turbulent commanders and mutinous sailors, and braving the rigors of a Patagonian winter despite hunger, thirst, and disease. With hunger and hardship as his companions, but buoyed by his tremendous faith, he forced his way into the Pacific Ocean and sailed recklessly westward for 100 days to perform one of humanity’s deathless feats.
PALISSY, BERNARD (1510–1589)
Seventeen years of unmitigated failure and I’m still going strong! Palissy sat amid the ruins of the years, exhausted from toil, worry, and a lack of food, in debt, and on the point of disaster. Nothing, however, could undermine his belief in eventual achievement or daunt his bravery. Palissy’s unquenchable ambition was to learn about the hidden enamel. This Frenchman, whose parents were unable to provide him with a formal education, discovered the secret. He went on to become one of the most famous potters of all time. This is the nearly unbelievable tale of a guy who refused to give up.
WILLIAM OF ORANGE (1533–1584) was an English nobleman who lived from 1533 to 1584.
The Silent, William of Nassau, Prince of Orange, was one of the smartest, gentlest, and bravest men who ever governed a country. He was the one who came up with the idea for Holland. His only honorable goal was to ensure the prosperity and freedoms of his people. The Netherlands was writhing in Spain’s clutches. The goal of freeing his people appeared hopeless at the time, but William put his mind to it. His battle is one of the great stories of endurance. He was unfazed by constant loss, and calamity had no effect on his demeanor. His excellence is highlighted by his extraordinary bravery, tenacity, boundless patience, and tolerance.
DRAKE, FRANCIS (1540–1596)
This is the tale of a guy who was more concerned about his nation than with his own life. He achieved achievement via the torturous path of failure. Few men have faced so many setbacks in their early years of adulthood and emerged victorious. This legendary sailor and patriot was always researching and learning new things. He faced a gigantic international force with boundless boldness, determined to subjugate England and destroy her claim to freedom of thought and independence. One of the most epic tales of all time is how he broke that power. He revolutionized England’s naval strategy and gave her the sea as a symbol of her ancestry.
RICHARD GRENVILLE, SIR (1541-1591)
“He possessed the uttermost bravery,” it is said of the legendary Elizabethan sea commander. Grenville, like Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins, and Howard, was called to live during the years when England was threatened by the might of Spain. The world’s attention was drawn to his last days. When 52 Spanish ships assaulted him aboard the “Revenge” (450 tons) off the Azores on September 9th, 1591, he was unfazed and fought back. He just had 100 soldiers who were not ill. Grenville refused to surrender despite being gravely wounded in the head and body. His unflinching spirit and tenacity have been passed on to us.
CROMWELL, OLIVER (1599–1658)
Cromwell owes the concept of political liberty to the globe more than any other figure in history. Servility, born of a crude materialism, was undermining England’s masculinity in the early years of the 17th century. Because the people’s religious and political freedoms were in peril, a 43-year-old English farmer took up guns in the fight against tyranny. He rose to become one of history’s greatest military commanders. He never lost a combat in 9 years. He brought England riches at home and prestige abroad as Lord Protector. There was no trace of personal interest during his whole career.
BUNYAN, JOHN (1628–1688)
In the year 1660, a man required bravery and stamina more than ever. The punishment for exercising freedom of expression and religion was incarceration in unspeakably horrible dungeons, exile, or death. John Bunyan was imprisoned for 12 years between the ages of 32 and 44, refusing to compromise his ideals. He composed his immortal Pilgrim’s Progress during a second incarceration in 1675, which has proven to be the world’s “greatest seller” next to the Bible. Few individuals have ever lived who could compare to this incredible inventor, preacher, and novelist. He prioritized God’s Kingdom and accepted the consequences.
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685–1750) was a German composer who lived from 1685 to 1750.
Think about Johann Sebastian Bach if you’re ever tempted to quit your job because you’re underappreciated. The greatest of all musicians, of whom Schumann stated, “Music owes nearly as much to Bach as Christianity does to its Founder,” lived and died in relative obscurity. He composed music that has a timeless character while being limited and crippled by the resources he had at his disposal. “All music should be performed for the glory of God.” That was his little known secret. For the love of God, he did everything to the best of his abilities.
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK (1728–1779) was a British naval officer who served from 1728 until 1779.
Cook is the most well-known figure in Australian history since he was, in a way, the country’s discoverer. The story of how this Yorkshire youngster rose from humble beginnings to become one of history’s finest navigators is a compelling tale of tenacity and drive. His exploration labor was crammed into the final 10 years of his life, ten years of incredible accomplishment. He learnt to persevere in the face of adversity – his endurance was incredible. Cook delivered England, and therefore to us, Australia, when he took control of the whole eastern coast under the name of New South Wales. He was one of the most honorable individuals the world had ever seen.
WEDGWOOD, JOSIAH (1730–1795)
There has perhaps never been a potter more skillful than Josiah Wedgwood. This young man, who was crippled by smallpox at the age of 11 and had to drop out of school at the age of 9 to support his family, barely ever went a day without being in excruciating agony. He, on the other hand, was driven to succeed; he was determined to provide his peers with beautiful, functional china at a price they could afford. Wedgwood’s narrative is one of endurance, of a man who forgot about himself in the service of others — definitely the measure of real greatness.
WASHINGTON, GEORGE (1732–1799)
This American surveyor was the genuine creator and first President of the United States of America, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the American soldiers in the War of Independence. He was summoned to lead the American Colonists in a six-year battle against England when he was 43 years old. There was no central government, no supplies, no organization, no stockpiles or armaments, and no hospitals for him to deal with. Many of his soldiers were in tatters and half-starved, and he was often on the verge of catastrophe. This guy, who prioritized actions above words, was victorious. Washington’s self-discipline, bravery, and drive were key to his success. Ambition and opportunity never swayed him from his honorable path.
ADMIRAL ARTHUR PHILLIP (1738–1814) was a British admiral who served from 1738 to 1814.
Phillip established Australia, if Cook discovered it. Phillip unfurled the British flag in Sydney on January 26th, 1788. He was born in the city of London. He entered the merchant marine at the age of 15, following just three years of education. He was appointed as the Founder and First Governor of New South Wales at the age of 49, with the task of transporting 1,486 men and women to a territory that was almost unknown, through completely uncharted waters. His naval training, personal courage, dogged persistence in the face of adversity, supreme faith in his venture, unwavering belief in Australia’s future, unwavering loyalty to Britain, incredible stamina, and administrative genius were the only factors that enabled the successful colonization of our land.
NELSON, LORD (1758–1805)
One of our race’s greatest inspirations is the spirit of the fragile kid who ascended to the peak of naval glory by his daring, tenacity, and tact. This clergyman’s son is often regarded as the greatest sailor of all time. His soldiers admired him because he treated them like men. He lost his right eye and later his right arm while fighting for England, but nothing could stop him. At Trafalgar, he ultimately defeated his country’s opponents’ maritime strength. “England expects that every man will perform his duty,” Nelson said in his last appeal to his soldiers. His stamina was due to his great sense of responsibility.
WILLIAM WILBERFORCE (1759–1833) was an American politician who lived from 1759 to 1833.
In 1785, William Wilberforce felt that, although beneficial to England, owning and selling slaves was a dishonor to a great country. He went out to put an end to the slave trade. He labored and pleaded for nearly two decades, both in and out of Parliament. Failure followed failure, yet each setback just motivated him to work more. He wasn’t going down without a fight — he was a fighter. Slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire in 1807, and all slaves were freed in 1834. He died at the age of 64, exhausted from his toil. The abolition of slavery was one of the most significant humanitarian events in human history.
MACQUARIE, LACHLAN (1761–1824)
This guy was the son of a poor Scottish Highland widow, and he ruled our country for 12 years. Macquarie came twenty-one years after Governor Phillip landed on the rocky cliffs of Port Jackson. Following the uprising against Governor Bligh, the colony was in upheaval. Agriculture was deteriorating; starvation was looming; the people were morally degraded; and religious devotion was almost entirely ignored. Governor Macquarie made it his mission to assist the people, both those who were incarcerated and those who were not. New South Wales was not a goal for him, but the start of a magnificent colony. He rebuilt Sydney, developed new cities, and offered Australia wealth and vision, despite numerous hurdles, with immense energy and perseverance.
MACARTHUR, JOHN (1767–1834)
A young subaltern with his wife and kid landed in the second fleet in 1790, when Sydney was only two years old. It was a period of drought, so food was limited and water was rationed. Macarthur was sent to Parramatta as Commander. After numerous experiences, this rambunctious, strong-willed guy settled down to raise sheep. When his energy and intellect were put to the production of wool, it proved the potential of the sector. He was the forefather and originator of our thriving sheep business, providing us merino sheep. He was one of Australia’s most capable founders, a true endurance athlete.
DUKE OF WELLINGTON ARTHUR WELLESLEY (1769–1852)
By tenacity of purpose and sheer endurance, this Irish kid, who was dubbed the family’s dunce, became one of England’s finest Generals. This young man, whose mother claimed, “Arthur is suitable only for powder and nothing else,” became England’s Prime Minister. Wellington is most known for his decisive victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. His military prowess was honed in the face of adversity. His tenacity of purpose and application, along with his businesslike concern to the well-being of his army and troops, won him victories in India, Portugal, and Spain. Wellington was constantly working for the greater interest of the country.
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770–1827) was a Dutch painter who lived from 1770 to 1827.
Ludwig van Beethoven was a musical talent of such eminence that all other compositions, no matter how magnificent, appear to pale in comparison; nonetheless, few have had a dreadful upbringing, a difficult fight, or a miserable life as he did. This fearless, unconquerable man’s magnificent music will enchant the globe for all time. His life has been a narrative of hard labor and perseverance. The tragedy of his deafness only serves to highlight his valiant character. He intended to utilize his abilities for the good of humanity, rather than for his personal advantage, as he developed them.
SCOTT, SIR WALTER (1771–1832)
This great Scottish poet and historical romance author – one of the finest British authors – is a paragon of endurance. He remained lame for the rest of his life after losing the use of his right leg when he was just eighteen months old. He toiled and lived hard as a practicing barrister. His funds had been invested in a printing company that had gone bankrupt. Scott established a goal of repaying a £117,000 debt. His pen poured forth novels, poems, and biographies. His health finally failed him, but he fought valiantly on, refusing to recognize defeat or despair. His debts were all paid off.
FLINDERS, MATTHEW (1774–1814)
This renowned English sailor is the one who gave Australia its name. He was the first to verify that our continent was an island. Australia was once known as New Holland. Flinders accomplished the huge work of coast exploration in 1803, circumnavigating Australia. He made a chart of the whole continent, demonstrating that it was one large island. Flinders’ narrative is one of incredible risks and escapes, as well as extraordinary endurance. Flinders is regarded as one of the finest personalities in British seamanship because of his honest, straightforward, and heroic temperament, as well as his talent, inventiveness, thoroughness, and unwavering bravery. His monument is a map of Australia.
BOLIVAR, SIMON (1783–1830)
This famous South American General and Statesman was dubbed “The Liberator” since it was he who led the revolt that liberated what is now Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia from Spanish domination after 300 years of misrule. This incredible patriot, who dared to risk everything, dedicated himself and all he had to his self-imposed mission of giving freedom to his people. For him, disaster and success were all part of the day’s business. One of the most beautiful moments in military history is the passage of the almost insurmountable Cordilleras. To understand Bolivar is to comprehend the concept of endurance. His selfless service mentality continues to inspire and guide us.
MITCHELL, SIR THOMAS LIVINGSTONE (1792–1855)
This Scotsman enlisted in the army at the age of 16. He moved to Australia after serving with distinction under Wellington in Spain. When he became Surveyor-General, he was 36 years old. He accomplished a lot to open up much magnificent territory for the early settlers thanks to his enthusiasm, talent as a draughtsman, and incredible endurance. Mitchell led four exploration voyages. He traveled as far as Port Phillip, cutting across the Blue Mountains on his way to the interior. Mitchell’s findings were essential in the colonization of Victoria. Being an adventurer required a lot of endurance. Mitchell devoted 28 years of exemplary service to his nation.
WENTWORTH, WILLIAM CHARLES (1793–1872)
Our first Australian-born politician, he was a powerful, clear-headed, and rebellious guy. He established Australia as a haven for free men. Freedom of the press, citizen jury trials, the extension of full citizen rights to everyone, and the establishment of an elected Legislative Assembly are all thanks to his foresight and perseverance. He was the driving force behind the establishment of Australia’s first university, Sydney. In 1852, he produced a New South Wales Constitution, which included many of the main goals for which he had fought. The Colony was granted complete self-government under this Constitution.
STURT, CHARLES (1795–1869)
Captain Charles Sturt served in the army. He was educated in England and arrived in Australia in 1827 with his regiment. He was a guy whom men could trust and look up to. Sturt found and named the Darling River, identified and explored the Murray River to its mouth, and valiantly traversed Central Australia, despite physical challenges that would have discouraged lesser men. Other Australian explorers have produced more significant and lucrative discoveries, but none has merited success more — none has deserved it more. Sturt claimed that he embarked on his dangerous expeditions out of a desire to “give to the general welfare.” Australia has every cause to be proud of him.
CHARLES GOODYEAR (1800–1860) was an Englishman who lived from 1800 to 1860.
We owe Goodyear’s perseverance to the commercial rubber he gave to mankind: the rubber that means so much to us today. He had been unwell his whole life, yet he never gave up because he believed he was on a divine mission. He committed his life to serve humanity, not for the money. He was duped in every manner, yet he came out on top as a man, and we are all his debts. How many of us would be willing to put ourselves through twenty-five years of effort, suffering, and disappointment, failure after failure, for the sake of others? We could learn a lot from Goodyear.
LORD SHAFTESBURY (1801–1885) was a British nobleman who lived from 1801 to 1885.
Lord Shaftesbury is one of the few guys who has done more for his fellow man. After a difficult upbringing, he was elected to Parliament in 1826. He squandered his prospects of promotion by championing the cause of England’s slave children — the mistreated lunatics, climbing boys, costermongers, and the ragged youngsters of the streets. For 30 years, he waged an arduous battle on behalf of the children who toiled in the “black Satanic mills” – the women and children who worked in the coal mines, the small chimney sweeps, the children who worked in the brick yards, and the children who worked in the field gangs. Because to him, we are spared the misery that was so widespread and accepted 100 years ago.
DISRAELI, BENJAMIN (1804–1881)
Disraeli, a brilliant politician and a great author, was responsible for the first enfranchisement of the English people. He was the third Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and he restored Britain’s status as one of the world’s great powers. This member of a foreign and persecuted race demonstrated a spirit of bravery and perseverance in the face of defeat that would forever mark him as a man of endurance. He learned how to take rebukes and defeats with stride. He waited till he was 64 to accomplish his dream of becoming Prime Minister. He is credited for making Britain a half-owner of the Suez Canal (1875). “To the courageous, nothing is impossible,” he said.
LINCOLN, ABRAHAM (1809–1865)
This is the tale of a guy who failed miserably in almost everything he attempted. Despite having minimal access to education, being raised in the barren soil of backwoods life, and being the son of impoverished, uneducated parents, he ascended to prominence unrivaled in American history. It is considered that a man’s breaking point is crucial! How much can he take before he succumbs? This magnificent man, who rescued the Union and emancipated the slaves, had one of the most important qualities: stamina. He remained unfazed by setbacks, unfazed by losses, and unflappable in the face of adversity. This man of tremendous patience sacrificed his life for the sake of his people.
GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE (1807–1882)
Garibaldi’s nearly incredible biography is the story of a man whose whole life was dedicated to one thing: LIBERTY. He sacrificed his life to let mankind free. Italy was split into 10 kingdoms when this Italian kid was born, and the people were subject to Austrian and Bourbon dictatorship. Garibaldi became Italy’s sword and spirit. More than any other, this son of a seafaring man set his people free. His compassionate humility for all humanity kept his love for nation and freedom pure. Few individuals have had lives as exciting as Garibaldi’s. To read his biography is to understand the true meaning of endurance.
LOUIS BRAILLE (1809–1852) was a French painter who lived from 1809 to 1852.
The story of a blind French kid who “brought sight to the blind” is told in this epic. When he was three years old, this harness-kid maker’s lost his sight due to an accident. He had T.B. at the age of 26, but Braille was hungry for information; he wanted to read books and assist other blind people do the same. He got the inspiration for “Braille” while playing dominoes. His proposal was rejected by the Institution’s leaders, but he pushed to get it implemented. He had received acclaim for his creation before his death at the age of 43. He generously offered it to the world.
LIVINGSTONE, DAVID (1813–1873)
David Livingstone’s story is one of the most inspiring tales of endurance ever recounted. He worked at cotton spinning from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. as a ten-year-old, then went to night school from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m., and did homework until midnight. At the age of 27, Dr. Livingstone completed his medical training and joined the London Missionary Society as a missionary. He tirelessly served the peoples of “darkest Africa” for 33 years, becoming one of the greatest explorers of all time in his quest to abolish the slave trade. His endurance was incredible. His unwavering self-sacrifice continues to encourage men and women to follow in his footsteps of enthusiastic, unselfish service.
STUART, JOHN MCDOUALL (1815–1866)
Stuart was 44 years old when he set out in 1859 to traverse Australia and survey it from south to north. He started out three times, the first time being defeated by threats of blindness and violent assaults by blacks when he was just 400 miles from his destination. He tried again four months later. When he was just 150 miles from the sea, he was defeated by fifty-foot-high nettles stinging with lethal venom, terrible thorn bushes, and, most all, a lack of water. He continued on his way, unfazed. Heat, famine, native assaults, mishaps, and terrible thirst were all met with admirable bravery. He became the first man to circumnavigate the Continent and survive in 1862.
PARKES, SIR HENRY (1815–1896)
Parkes, more than any other individual, was responsible for making Australia a democracy by establishing the People’s Government. This English teenager spent his childhood in squalor, sometimes half-starved. His father was unable to provide him with an education due to his poverty. He left England as a “bounty emigrant” when he was 24 years old. He had just 3/- when he arrived in Sydney with his wife and their new kid, who had been born at sea. He ascended from humble beginnings to become the State’s leader and the driving force behind the Federation movement. He formed the foundation of our education system for Australian students, despite being uneducated as a youngster. He was Australia’s most illustrious statesman.
MORT, THOMAS SUTCLIFFE (1816–1878)
Mort arrived in Sydney at the age of 21. In five years, this Lancashire youngster progressed from clerk to salesperson to junior partner via pure hard work and thrifty living. He went on to become one of our country’s most important industrial pioneers. The frozen meat business, Sydney’s milk supply, local wool sales, Mort’s Dock and Engineering Company, New South Wales’ railroads and steamboats, Australia’s gold, copper, and coal industries, and the South Coast’s dairying sector are all, in some manner, a homage to his memory. He was the first to bring profit-sharing to the business world. Mort put his money to good use for Australia.
HOWE, ELIAS (1819–1867)
This is the true tale of the inventor who freed millions of women from needle slavery. The American son of English parents, lame and sensitive, set out to build a sewing machine. Howe’s tenacity won the day in a courageous battle against great poverty, folly, disease, and death. No amount of failure or discouragement, not even starving, could persuade him to abandon his life’s work. He was dubbed “the idiot who placed his eye in the needle’s tip.” Howe’s life demonstrates what one motivated individual, along with a novel concept, can do for the greater good.
LOUIS PASTEUR (1822–1895) was a French painter who lived from 1822 to 1895.
Few persons have contributed as much to mankind as the French scientist Louis Pasteur. He freed humanity from hydrophobia, created “pasteurization,” discovered anthrax’s treatment, saved the French silk industry from extinction, and was the founder of the antiseptic surgical method. His unrelenting toil caused him to lose his vision in his quest for knowledge. His record of perseverance, delight in service, love of labor, and tenacity, as well as his discoveries, owes mankind a due. Most of the significant life-saving discoveries in the area of germ illnesses in the past fifty years may be traced back to his work.
FABRE, JEAN HENRI (1823–1915)
The narrative of this great Naturalist, who struggled with poverty throughout his life, is one of the epic tales of endurance. He progressed from street hawker to schoolteacher before settling down to meticulously unravel the intricacies of insect behavior. He never gave up any observation assignment he took on since he had an unlimited supply of stamina and perseverance. He published eleven novels, including two science fiction stories about birds and creatures and an exhilarating adventure life narrative about nine of the insects he spent his life studying. Victor Hugo dubbed him “The Homer of the Insects” because of his tenacity.
PLIMSOLL, SAMUEL (1824–1898)
A single sign — a circle 12 inches in diameter with a horizontal line 18 inches long across the centre – may be seen on the side of any British ship sailing the Seven Seas of the globe. The Plimsoll Mark is what it is. No ship may be loaded to the point when the horizontal line is submerged. It shows how much weight each ship can carry without sinking in rough waves. Plimsoll worked tirelessly for 26 years to ensure the safety of sailors. Undaunted, he battled on year after year, sometimes alone, against entrenched interests, indifference, and insurmountable obstacles. He was not going to fail.
LORD LISTER (1827–1912) was a British politician who lived from 1827 to 1912.
Dr. Joseph Lister was never satisfied with others’ suggestions. He was a firm believer in discovering the truth for himself. He did not learn information readily as a student, but instead studied slowly and laboriously on his own. He started out at the age of 38 to figure out what caused gangrene and inflammation. In 1865, aided by Pasteur’s findings, he started his antiseptic surgical research. Thousands of lives have been spared from “hospital illnesses” as a result of his perseverance. Lister is remembered as the father of antiseptic surgery and one of the world’s great benefactors.
NOBEL, ALFRED (1833–1896)
This Swedish scientist, who developed dynamite and established the Nobel Prizes, including the well-known Nobel Peace Prize, was an idealist who wanted to do all he could to prevent conflict. Neither poverty nor money, illness nor ease of life, disaster to his loved ones, nor crushing loneliness could ever dissuade him from his self-imposed mission. His inheritance was bequeathed to those who produce the most significant discoveries in physics, chemistry, and medicine year after year, whose writing is marked by idealism, and who best promote the cause of peace.
FARRER, WILLIAM JAMES (1845–1906)
Farrer owes Australia, and perhaps the whole globe, a permanent debt of gratitude. He gave Australia her powerful wheat industry by working in a very benevolent and wholly for the welfare of the nation way. Few men have persevered in the face of adversity and humiliation like him. Few people have ever given their nation such a lasting gift. He eventually went out to identify rust-resistant wheat types after leaving England due to bad health at the age of 25. He continued his experiments for 11 years. His new cultivars have propelled Australia to the forefront of the world’s wheat-producing nations.
JOHN FORREST (1847–1918) was an American politician who lived from 1847 to 1918.
Born in Banbury, Western Australia, this stalwart statesman and adventurer is most known for his contributions to the establishment of Western Australia. He was granted command of an expedition to find the lost explorer Leichhardt when he was 21 years old. Later, between Perth and Adelaide, he traveled the Western Desert, and then the Central Desert in Western Australia. As a consequence of his efforts as Premier of Western Australia, water was transported 300 kilometres to Kalgoorlie. Apart from this goldfield water program, the Fremantle Harbour Works, the Colony’s liberal land laws, and the expansion of the railway system across the west, Forrest devoted his finest years to the Commonwealth he loved.
EDISON, THOMAS ALVA (1847–1931)
This is the account of an American youngster who only attended school for three months. He was sent home with a letter from his instructor stating that he was too foolish to teach. He spent the remainder of his life learning, experimenting, and exploring. You pay an indirect homage to Edison’s imaginative and mechanical talent every time you turn on an electric light switch, pick up the phone, turn on the phonograph, or watch a movie. And what is his secret? Consistent investigation and endless patience are required. He made himself the best practical man of science of his era and the most successful inventor the world has ever known through his own tireless labor and distinctive brilliance.
BURBANK, LUTHER (1849–1926)
Burbank was known as the “King of the Gardeners.” He is said to have generated more new flowers and plants than any other individual since the beginning of time. Always feeble, he set out to leave the world a bit better than he found it via hard effort and perseverance, working ten to seventeen hours a day. He showed roses how to grow without thorns and cactus how to grow without spines. He bred potatoes that turned every housewife into a debtor. He transformed the Shasta Daisy into a magnificent, pure white blossom. He developed a slew of new and improved fruit, flower, vegetable, shrub, and tree types. Despite this, he remained destitute, with little money and little encouragement. He did, however, have stamina. Luther Burbank’s life has made the world a richer and more beautiful place.
HARGRAVE, LAURENCE (1850–1915)
Hargrave was a pioneer in the field of flying in Australia. He arguably contributed more than any other single person to the achievement of dynamic flight. Hargrave performed the pioneering, laboring in complete darkness at first but eventually seeing the light thanks to his indomitable determination, endurance, and stamina. He might have made a fortune if he had copyrighted his ideas, but he preferred to work for the greater good. When Wilbur Wright asked for permission to utilize his ideas, Hargrave said they were “for everyone and at the disposal of all,” and he freely handed them to the American. Hargrave’s notion for the first aircraft to travel to France was easily put into action. He is rightfully referred to be the “creator of human flight.”
STEVENSON, ROBERT LOUIS (1850–1894)
There is no bolder narrative in English literature than Robert Louis Stevenson’s life and work as a blithe and skilled storyteller, writer, and poet. He was born in the Scottish city of Edinburgh. Few believed he would live beyond his childhood; he fought death for 44 years. This courageous man created an incredible quantity of work of lasting value. He didn’t let chronic suffering or overwhelming weakness dampen his enthusiasm or put out the spark of joy that shines brightly in every line. We have novels like Treasure Island and Kidnapped because of his bravery, unquenchable joy, and tenacity.
DEAKIN, ALFRED (1859–1919)
Alfred Deakin was a guy who adored Australia. At the age of 24, he entered Victorian politics with the intention of dedicating his life to the service of all people. He was the founder of Victorian factory legislation, and his enormous irrigation projects were influenced by him. He is most known for playing a pivotal role in the formation of Federation. He shaped a large portion of our national strategy as a two-time Prime Minister. Deakin never utilized his position of authority for personal gain. Serving others was, for him, serving God, and serving God was the ultimate goal of life. He spent his life in that faith. To you, it is his lineage.
WASHINGTON, BOOKER T. (1859–1915)
If you believe your situation is tough, read Up from Slavery; you’ll be surprised at how simple your life is. This tiny negro slave was born in the dirt and poverty of slavery and suffered and worked until he became known as one of America’s biggest proponents of industrial education. He went by the moniker Washington since he didn’t have a surname. His fight for an education is an almost unbelievable story of tenacity. He died at the age of 56, exhausted from his labors, yet his memory lives on in the hearts of his people. Booker T. Washington understood and lived by the principle that citizenship comes with responsibilities as well as privileges. At the very least, let him teach us that.
PADERESKI, IGNACE JAN (1860–1941)
This is an incredible tale of a poor Polish youngster. Musical educators thought he was a hopeless student pursuing a musical career. One of them bluntly informed him that if he ever wanted to earn a life from music, he should abandon the piano. Paderewski rose to prominence as one of the best pianists and composers of his day. “Practice, more practice, and then more practice,” he asserted was his secret. He developed inexhaustible patience, unwavering drive, and incredible self-discipline throughout the years. In the face of Poland’s dire need, he rose to become a national leader and, eventually, Prime Minister. “If you appreciate your job and invest enough time and attention into it,” he added, “success will come.”
MURRAY, SIR JOHN HUBERT P. (1861–1940)
Sir Hubert Murray is an Australian hero. As Lieutenant-Governor of Papua for 32 years, he dedicated himself completely to the people of Papua. He was admitted to the Bar in 1886 after being educated at Sydney and then Oxford. Judge Murray was appointed Chief Judicial Officer of British New Guinea in 1904. He understood the local peoples because he loved them; the Papuans knew they would get justice, kindness, and protection from exploitation as long as he lived. His grandeur is explained by his sincerity of purpose, his intolerance of evasion or prevarication, and his love for the people of Papua. His 36 years in Papua are a riveting tale of bravery, dedication, and endurance.
DR. FRIDTJOF NANSEN (1861–1930) was a Swedish physician who lived from 1861 to 1930.
Dr. Nansen will be remembered as one of the world’s finest men in the days when there is finally peace on Earth and goodwill among mankind. He was born in Norway and intended to live a risky life. He rose to prominence as a brilliant explorer and subsequently as one of the League of Nations’ most prominent humanitarian workers. Following World War I, Nansen was tasked with repatriating numerous captives detained throughout Europe, as well as feeding and settling millions of refugees. The account of how he achieved that incredible feat is epic in scope. Nansen aspired to create a new world of fraternity and harmony. We’ve been given the task of finishing it.
ROYCE, SIR FREDERICK HENRY (1863–1933)
Royce’s amazing engineering products are well-known around the globe. They’ve turned into a status symbol. Despite his early poverty and hunger, as well as his deteriorating health, this English kid rose to become one of the greatest engineers of his time. He battled difficulties with high workmanship values, unfazed by setbacks, and never wavered from the goals he had set for himself. The Rolls-Royce vehicle came first, followed by the Rolls-Royce aviation engine. This incredible man of endurance provided England with the engine advantage that twice saved her, and hence us all, from our foes. The Rolls-Royce engine is the best in the world thanks to his unlimited capacity for suffering, tenacity, and endurance.
BOK, EDWARD (1863–1930)
Every Australian should read Edward Bok’s Americanization. When he was six years old, this Dutch youngster was taken to America. What were his chances of succeeding? His family was impoverished, he didn’t know the language, he didn’t have any friends, and he didn’t have any money. His father died when he was 13 years old. Bok was driven by a desire to learn and a desire to excel. It’s a fascinating narrative of grit and drive – of tenacity – how he became Editor of the Ladies’ Home Journal and one of the biggest forces for good in the United States of America. “No one has the right to leave the world in the same state as he found it,” he stated.
SIR JOHN MONASH (1865–1931) was a British politician who lived from 1865 to 1931.
Monash was a talented soldier and engineer, and he was one of Australia’s greatest sons. He was a Melbourne native who ascended to become one of the Empire’s most powerful organizers. His genius and success as a military commander stemmed from the talents he had exhibited during the peace, namely the capacity to take on and complete large and challenging projects. In 1918, he led the Army Corps’ five divisions in France. In 1920, he was appointed Chairman of the Victorian State Energy Commission, with the goal of supplying electricity to every Victorian town from the brown coal at Yallourn. He displayed his endurance in both peace and battle.
DR. SUN YAT SEN (1866–1925) was a Chinese physician who lived from 1866 to 1925.
Dr. Sun Yat Sen, the first Provisional President of the Chinese Republic, was the son of a Chinese farmer. With the help of Christian missionaries, he graduated from medical school and became a doctor at the age of twenty-six. Sun witnessed evidence of the Manchu dynasty’s corruption, misrule, and wickedness all across China as he went around the country. He devoted his life to liberating his 400 million people from their deplorable circumstances. Sun persevered despite the fact that his perfectly prepared revolution attempts had failed ten times. The Manchus were deposed in 1912, and China was declared a republic. The Three Principles of the People, written by Sun, have become the people’s charter, the political blueprint for one-fifth of humanity. This remarkable guy is fundamentally a man of stamina, as seen by his single-mindedness and sheer perseverance.
WILBUR WRIGHT (1867–1912) was an American painter who lived from 1867 to 1912.
The notion of an aircraft ceased to be a fanciful fantasy in 1903. It was made possible by the vision, talent, fortitude, endurance, and relentless persistence of two brothers from the United States, Orville and Wilbur Wright. On December 17, 1903, these brave men flew a heavier-than-air, power-driven flying contraption for the first time in human history. This historic achievement would not have been possible without a tremendous amount of effort and disappointment, which would have been enough to dissuade other men. They were confident in the long-term success of their efforts. Their game-changing discovery of aileron control gave them the upper hand.
HUGHES, WILLIAM MORRIS (1862–1952)
If you ever feel disheartened and want to give up, read William Morris Hughes’ tale again. He was born in Wales and moved to Australia as a child. He worked his way to the top, despite his terrible physical condition and impaired hearing, and with no one to support him. In 1915, he became Prime Minister of Australia. Few of Australia’s great men have had such a difficult existence, and even fewer have heroically overcome such severe challenges. His incredible existence is only matched by his incredible endurance. As impressive as his contribution to Australia and the globe has been, it’s possible that the nearly unbelievable narrative of his tenacity, perseverance, and endurance will be remembered as his greatest gift to our country.
SCOTT, CAPTAIN ROBERT FALCON (1868–1912)
Few have exhibited more daring, endurance, and comradeship in the domains of Antarctic expedition than Captain Scott, a man known for his stamina. Scott had became a Commander in the Royal Navy in 1900 as a result of his hard work and self-discipline. He devoted the next twelve years of his life to Antarctic exploration. Scott and his colleagues died on the return trek after reaching the South Pole. His death was a victory for man’s indomitable spirit. “To strive, to seek, to discover, and not to surrender,” is engraved under the cross raised in his honor.
MAHATMA GANDHI (1869–1948) was a Hindu leader who lived from 1869 to 1948.
Gandhi’s narrative is an almost impossible tale of a shy youngster who grew up to be one of the world’s bravest men. He became India’s leader in the movement for freedom after being educated for the law. This great Hindu thought that he had all of God’s might behind him in his quest for truth. He was certain that if you employed the appropriate tools, you’d get the correct outcomes. He felt that everything that could be altered should be changed. He became invulnerable and invincible by following his idea of nonviolent resistance. There hasn’t been a Hindu with such worldwide adoration since Buddha.
SMUTS, JAN CHRISTIAN (1870–1950)
The son of a Boer farmer, this Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa went on to become a Field-Marshal of England. He was 12 years old when he first attended to school and learnt to read and write due to illness. When he was just 28 years old, he became State Attorney to President Kruger of the Transvaal. He fought against England during the Boer War. His leadership in World Wars I and II, the League of Nations, and the United Nations Organization (he drafted the preamble to the Charter) is a testament to what bravery, perseverance, and tenacity can accomplish.
LENIN (1870–1924) was a Russian revolutionary who lived from 1870 to 1924.
This son of a schoolteacher was able to manage and orchestrate a revolution unlike any other in history because to his unwavering commitment to his principles. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, often known as Lenin, was a guy of unwavering faith and boundless energy who was unfazed by anything. This Russian spent his whole life in poverty, having been imprisoned, deported to Siberia, and forced to flee his homeland, often in perilous circumstances, and often misunderstood and rejected by his people. He was a Marxist who dedicated his life to the establishment of a new global order in which workers would reign. He became the creator and guiding spirit of the Soviet Union after refusing to accept defeat.
GUGLIELMO MARCONI (1874–1937) MARCHESE GUGLIELMO MARCONI (1874–1937) MARCHESE GUGLIELMO MAR
We owe that wonderful gift, wireless, to the guts and perseverance of this legendary Italian inventor. Marconi found how to convey communications via space without the need of cables after years of diligent effort. He presented the Italian government his fantastic innovation, but they refused to purchase it. It was in England that he received support and encouragement in his efforts to make wireless telegraphy feasible. The first radio message over the Atlantic Ocean was transmitted in 1901. This engineer, a model of endurance, worked until his death to enhance the radio he had devised in order to make life safer for sailors. Difficulties were only stepping stones for Marconi on his path to achievement.
SHACKLETON, SIR ERNEST (1874–1922)
Shackleton’s life is a gripping account of a brilliant explorer whose unconquerable attitude inspired his companions to the point where they became unstoppable. This aspect is emphasized in his third Antarctic expedition’s remarkable account. The epic story of endurance is undoubtedly contained in those 16 days of unspeakable privations when Shackleton and his five men crossed 750 miles of turbulent sub-Antarctic Ocean – the world’s most tempestuous ocean – only to be blocked by the seemingly impassable mountains of South Georgia in a small 23-foot boat. All who sailed with Shackleton adored him because he was such a lovely gentleman.
CHURCHILL, WINSTON (1874–1965)
“He may be knocked down, but he was never knocked out,” it was said of this guy. He never did the tally.” Churchill was appointed Prime Minister of England in his 65th year, during the perilous days of the Empire. In their darkest hour, his energetic speeches and firm belief in eventual triumph sustained and encouraged his country. His unwavering heroism and unwavering will inspired the British people to a defense of their country unsurpassed in human history during the dark days of Dunkirk and the “Battle of Britain.” He has been dubbed “the greatest Englishman since Elizabeth” by many.
JOHN FLYNN (1880–1951), REV.
In Victoria, “Flynn of the Inland,” the son of a schoolteacher, was born. He was invited to serve in gloomy, drought-stricken districts of Australia after answering the call to Christian ministry. Recognizing the isolation and difficulties faced by men and women pioneers in the vast wide areas of the Inland, he resolved to put “a cloak of Safety” over them. The Australian Inland Mission (A.I.M.) was founded in 1912. The Flying Doctor Service is a testament to his foresight, endurance, and vision. We join the people of the Inland in expressing our gratitude for his dedicated service.
DOUGLAS MACARTHUR, GENERAL (1880–1964)
“On a field where bravery was the norm, his courage was the dominant trait,” it was said of this great American. MacArthur is a superb leader of men, not just a renowned soldier. He became General (1930) and Chief of Staff of the United States Army after distinguished service in World War I. He led the United Nations’ soldiers in the South-West Pacific to victory during World War II. He served as Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan for five years, beginning in 1945. For his bravery, military ingenuity, and tenacity, Australia will be eternally grateful.
DOUGLAS MAWSON (1882–1958) SIR DOUGLAS MAWSON (1882–1958) SIR DOUGLAS MAWSON (18
This great explorer and scientist has done more for Australia than anybody else. He was born in Yorkshire and moved to Australia when he was a youngster, where he received his schooling in Sydney. He was a Lecturer in Mineralogy and Petrology at Adelaide University while he was just 23 years old. In 1909, while accompanying Shackleton to the Antarctic, he discovered the South Magnetic Pole alongside Professor David and Dr. Mackay. He planned and led other Antarctic expeditions in 1911, 1929, and 1930, capturing almost one million square kilometers for the Empire. One of Australia’s most valuable belongings is the narrative of his remarkable fortitude and tenacity, particularly during those three months from November 1912 to February 1913.
ROOSEVELT, FRANKLIN D. (1882–1945)
When he was 39, this strong-willed guy was diagnosed with Poliomyelitis. He was completely and permanently paralyzed from the waist down, yet he fought back with pure willpower. Rather of being a cripple, he battled his way to the top of a nation of 120 million people. When he became the 32nd President of the United States, he was 51 years old. “To make life better for the common guy” was his life’s goal. He worked for social justice because he believed in it. He led his country to triumph, independence, and wealth both at home and abroad. He is the only individual in history to be elected President of the United States of America four times.
HINKLER, BERT (1892–1933)
“He who believes he can” may have been the slogan of the Bundaberg lad. He built and flew gliders as a kid, reading and absorbing all he could about airplanes. He was so passionate about flying that when he was 19, he took a tramp ship to England and landed a job with the Sopworth Aircraft Company. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery during World War I and went on to become a test pilot. This brave Queenslander flew 11,450 miles from England to Australia in 15.5 days in a tiny aircraft in 1928, the longest light plane voyage ever accomplished. Few people have ever matched his tenacity, persistence, perseverance, bravery, and stamina.
MONTGOMERY, BERNARD LAW (1887–1976)
Remember Bernard Law Montgomery when your view is bleak and you’re on the verge of giving up. During the terrible days of WWII, he was sent to Egypt to combat Rommel. He forged the famed Eighth Army out of a poorly prepared, exhausted, and disgruntled aggregation of Allied troops. He launched an uninterrupted series of triumphs at Alam Halfa and Alamein, which ended only when World War II was won after leading a million soldiers to the attack on Europe. His explosive zeal, determination to win, incredible self-confidence, knack for perceiving the obvious, and trust in God are all factors in his exceptional achievement.
SIR RONALD ROSS (1857–1932) was a British politician who lived from 1857 to 1932.
When your mission seems impossible, recall Sir Ronald Ross, the malaria conqueror, and summon courage. His inexhaustible patience, tenacity, and faith have saved millions of lives and rescued millions more from agony. Ross finally found that the germs of malaria were injected into humans by particular mosquitoes that carried and evolved the mosquito parasite after years of struggle. It was one of the most important medical breakthroughs in history. There would be no Panama Canal without it. The world is a better and healthier place to live because to his perseverance and resilience.
SIR CHARLES KINGSFORD-SMITH (1897–1935) was a British politician who lived from 1897 to 1935.
Few Australians have matched our legendary flyer, “Smithy,” in terms of sheer endurance. His fascination with flight began during World War I, when he was awarded the Military Cross for outstanding valor in the Flying Corps. He and Charles Ulm broke the round-Australia record after the war. In his “Southern Cross,” he shattered record after record – alone from England to Australia over the Pacific, the Tasman, the Atlantic, and around the globe. Sir Charles became Wing Commander – Air Commodore. His bravery and daring, his tenacity and resolve, will continue to inspire us as the years pass, pushing us to greater heights and endeavors.
GREATNESS IN REALITY
A country’s grandeur is determined not by the amount of square miles it contains, but by the number of square men and women who live there. This image portrays Australians who act in accordance with the law, who “play the game” by their fellow citizens, and who love God and their neighbors as they love themselves. As we follow Him who stated, “We shall attain genuine Greatness in proportion,” we will accomplish true Greatness in proportion.
“Let anyone wants to be famous among you be your servant.”
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