Hypothermia and cold sores. This can happen when the air temperature is below freezing (32 degrees Fahrenheit).

Freezing of the skin surface is called “frostbite.” If the frost penetrates deeper through the skin and flesh, the injury is called “frostbite.”

Hypothermia can be a deadly disease. It occurs when the deep body temperature (core temperature) drops below 95°F (normal ~98.6°F).

Tips to prevent hypothermia

Body temperature drops when the body cannot produce heat quickly enough to compensate for the loss.

Tip: Heat loss through the head: At rest, the core of the body loses about 7% of its heat through the head. When shaking, heat loss through the head increases to ~50%.

Stay hydrated. Because a dehydrated body slows down blood flow.

Don’t smoke. Nicotine constricts blood vessels.

Avoid alcohol and caffeine. These can lead to dehydration.

Stay active. When it’s cold, it’s better to be active than to curl up.

Avoid sweating. Heat production is increased by physical activity, but avoid sweating.

Don’t skip meals. Skipping meals slows down metabolism and blood circulation.

Wear the right clothes.

Too much clothing can lead to overheating and dehydration. Diapers.

Avoid tight clothing.

Clothing should be worn loosely and in layers.

Clothing should be made of a material that allows water vapor to pass through. Synthetic.

Avoid 100% cotton. Use synthetic fabrics for moisture transport.

Use waterproof and windproof outerwear. Nylon, Gore-Tex.

Change your socks. They absorb moisture after a while. Keep your feet dry.

Protect your hands. Mittens are generally better than gloves.

Cover your head. Put on your hat!

Use insulating hats and gloves made from materials such as thin-film insulation.

Lire : Thinsulate – How it works – Heat scale].

Stay dry. Dry. Dry.

A very thin person is more sensitive to cold (fat is an insulator).

Self-check, squeeze the nail, see how fast the blood returns to the finger.

Avoid standing alone outside in the cold. Buddy system.

Beware of children who are unaware of the dangers of the cold.

Keep a survival kit nearby. Got it? To start a fire.

Know how to make a fire. How to make ash and light it when it is wet.

Familiarize yourself with cold winds and avoid windy areas.

Lecture: Wind chill chart]

Buddy system. Check the visible skin of the other person from time to time. It is normal for the skin to turn red when it is cold. However, if the red turns white, hold something warm (do not massage).

Before a person faints, they may start acting “drunk” and move and talk irrationally.

Move and wiggle your fingers and toes.

LOSS AND BEREAVEMENT.

Manual heaters. Tower heaters. Put gloves and boots on them.

Reading: hand warmers for my winter survival kits]

Do you have any other ideas on how to prevent hypothermia?

Frequently asked questions

How do you prevent hypothermia?

Hydration, nutrition, proper clothing, proper layer thickness and proper rest management are the keys to preventing hypothermia. Learn how to prevent, recognize and treat this backcountry threat. Cool temperatures, precipitation, wind and prolonged stays in the open can contribute to hypothermia.

What is one of the best ways to treat hypothermia?

Symptoms and treatment of hypothermia – Hunter-ed.com

How can I prevent hypothermia after exercise?

To prevent hypothermia and frostbite, keep your workout indoors when the temperature drops below 0°F or when the cold wind reaches -17°F.

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