Hurricanes can destroy lives and damage property. Proper preparation can help minimize the impact.
photo by John Middelkop on Unsplash.
What’s a hurricane?
A hurricane is a tropical cyclone that can cause heavy rainfall, high winds, storm surges, and flooding for two weeks or more over open water. Wind speed is primarily determined by wind speed, which must be at least 74 mph (anything below this speed is classified as a tropical storm).
The hurricane has an average width of 500 miles and an average height of 10 miles and moves like a giant gyroscope at its usual speed of 17 knots.
How does a hurricane form?
Hurricanes are high-energy weather phenomena that absorb the heat of tropical waters to fuel their fury. These strong storms form over the ocean and often begin as a tropical wave, an area of low pressure that moves over the moisture-rich tropics, which can intensify the activity of showers and thunderstorms.
image by Wakutiyar Rahaman from Pixabay
The following five factors are generally necessary for the formation of a hurricane:
- Previous meteorological disturbance : A hurricane often starts with a tropical wave.
- Hot water: The water, which reaches at least 26.5 degrees Celsius at a depth of 50 meters, feeds the storm.
- Storm activity : Thunderstorms turn ocean heat into fuel for hurricanes.
- Low wind shear: Large differences in wind speed and direction around or near the storm may weaken it.
Hurricane safety rules
Hurricanes arrive quickly and cause high winds, heavy rains and immediate flooding that can devastate a community. If you live in an area that is exposed to storms, it is important to have a survival guide.
To survive a hurricane, follow these survival tips that cover every phase of the hurricane: before, during and after.
- Even before a warning is issued, residents should develop evacuation plans. Identify a safe house that won’t hurt you and a route to get there.
- Emergency supplies such as food, water, medicine, flashlights, important documents, maps and a full tank of gas.
- Charge electronic devices and have portable batteries on hand, but do not expect to receive a cell phone or radio signal during the storm. As a back-up it is useful to buy battery operated radios.
- If you live in a hurricane zone, buy durable storm lights for your windows. This provides the best protection and reduces the risk of breakage. If you don’t have storm shutters, cover the windows with sawn plywood.
- Attach additional straps or brackets to secure the roof to the frame. This reduces the damage to the roof.
- Cut down trees around your home to reduce the risk of branch damage and collapse.
- Clear clogged pipes to prevent flooding.
- Place your valuables on high shelves or on the top floor of your home.
- Store household chemicals on high shelves and make sure they are tightly closed. Chemicals that mix with the flood water are dangerous and unsafe.
During a hurricane
- As the storm approaches, people should listen to local authorities on the radio or television. People can also sign up for public alerts.
- Evacuation routes are usually closed during a storm, so it is advisable to follow all instructions and leave the area before the storm. However, if you are forced out of the storm, seek shelter in as safe a building as possible and stay away from windows.
- Remember that a lull in the wind usually means that the storm is not over. Those who survive a hurricane must wait until authorities report that the danger has passed.
- Be smart. Dedicated experts and improved technology have made hurricane forecasts more accurate, so don’t do anything rash. B. to run away in a storm.
- Do not use the phone or operate electrical appliances unless necessary. Since lightning usually follows wires, using a permanently installed or other wired device can increase the risk of electric shock.
- Stay away from windows and glass doors.
- Find shelter in a small room, closet or hallway on the lowest level.
- Lie on the floor under a table or other heavy object.
- Experts say it’s best not to rush after a hurricane, even if you can’t wait to get on with your life.
- If you moved during a storm, don’t come back until the authorities tell you it’s safe. That could mean a long wait.
- If you are at home, avoid electronic devices and power lines. (You can have a licensed electrician inspect your home for damage).
- Take pictures of any damage so you can use them later as documents for claims.
- Be on the lookout for reptiles and rodents that have reached your site.
- Open the windows to help dry out the house.
- Do not use electrical, generator or gas appliances or open flames until you are sure everything is in order.
- Do not eat food from the refrigerator or drink tap water until you have been tested for contamination.
- DO NOT ride or walk on high water, which may be electrically charged and filled with harmful substances.
photo by Dennis Futalan from Pexels
Hurricane survival kit
In an emergency, it may be necessary to survive alone for several days. Being prepared means carrying food, water and other supplies for several days. The Disaster Supply Kit is a set of basic supplies your household may need in an emergency.
Basic Emergency Kit
- Water (one gallon per person, per day, for at least three days).
- Food (at least three days of non-perishable food)
- Battery-operated or manual radio
- First aid kit
- Extra batteries
- Whistle (to ask for help)
- Dust mask (for filtering contaminated air)
- Plastic wrap and tape (to protect in place)
- Wet wipes, garbage bags and plastic ties (for personal hygiene)
- Wrench or pliers (to disconnect electrical cables).
- Manual can opener (for food)
- local maps
- Mobile phone with chargers and battery backup
Emergency Supplementary Provision
- Masks (for everyone from 2 years old)
- Soap, hand disinfectant, disinfectant wipes (for surface disinfection)
- Prescription drugs
- Over-the-counter medications (e.g., pain relievers, antidiarrheals, antacids, or laxatives).
- Newborn food, bottles, diapers, wet wipes and diaper rash cream.
- Pet food and extra water for your pet
- Species (slight variation)
- Important family documents, such as. B. Copies of insurance policies, identification cards, and bank records, stored electronically or in a waterproof portable container.
- A sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
- Fire extinguisher
- Matches in a sealed container
- feminine hygiene and personal care products
- Conversation sets, paper cups, plates, paper napkins and plastic utensils.
- Paper and pencil
- Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
A hurricane is not predictable. So being prepared for these and other life-threatening emergencies can save your life. Prepare survival kits in advance for peace of mind!
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