How to Treat a Gunshot Wound

The number one cause of death for American kids is unintentional injury. It’s not the guns, it’s how we use them that causes accidental injuries. The gun culture in America has led to our children being killed by their own toys and parents are struggling with how they should talk to their children about these issues before an accident happens or worse even kills someone else.

This article will demonstrate how to treat a gunshot wound and what you can do in the event that someone has been shot. It will also suggest some steps to take when proper medical care is not available, such as getting advanced first aid at home or staying calm in an emergency situation.

Gunshot wounds are among the most serious injuries a person may get. A bullet may tear apart internal organs, shatter bones, puncture lungs, and cause serious blood loss from important arteries depending on the kind of bullet, its trajectory when it strikes you, and the spot it enters. Because gunshot wounds may cause such a wide range of injuries, understanding how to treat them all successfully would require years of training. However, there are things that anybody may do to assist a gunshot victim gain time, chiefly by stopping the bleeding, keeping the person calm, and obtaining medical treatment as soon as possible. It also helps to have some previous understanding of how to make and use a tourniquet, how to treat a sucking chest wound, how to treat shock, and how to do CPR. 

Consider keeping a proper first aid kit with you at all times, including pressure bandages, QuikClot, disinfectant, stitches, and nitrile gloves, as they can be useful not only in situations where you expect to be around firearms, such as hunting, but also, unfortunately, in this age of mass shootings, at any time and in any place. 

1: Examine the whole body for entrance and exit wounds. Both wounds should be treated, but the worse should come first.

2: Apply direct pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.

3: Examine your heart rate and breathing patterns. If required, start CPR.

4: Slow bleeding by elevating the incision above the heart (unless the shot is to the stomach or chest).

5: Don’t attempt to remove any bullets that are still lodged in the body; instead, put a pressure bandage for the time being.

6: As quickly as possible, treat the victim for shock and seek medical treatment.

Ted Slampyak created the artwork.