A pandemic is an outbreak of global proportions. This happens when the infection caused by the virus can spread widely.
A pandemic disease can cause a serious illness and spread rapidly from person to person.
Contrary to some perceptions, COVID-19 is not the first time anyone has encountered a pandemic disease. We have seen pandemics, from the plague to SARS to influenza, smallpox and measles, cholera and HIV.
What is a pandemic?
According to the WHO, a pandemic is defined as the worldwide spread of a new disease, or the spread of a disease over a large area, across international borders, usually affecting many people.
When a new disease first appears, most people do not have the natural immunity to fight it. This can lead to an unexpected, sometimes rapid, spread of the disease among people, between communities and around the world. Without natural immunity to fight the disease, many people can get sick if it spreads.
Pantemics are not necessarily determined by their growth rate, but rather by the spread of the disease. Nevertheless, knowing the pace of the pandemic can help public health officials prepare for an outbreak.
How is a pandemic different from an epidemic?
The main difference between pandemics and epidemics is the extent to which they spread. They cover larger geographical areas, often the entire world, and affect many more people than the epidemic.
Similarly, pandemics tend to cause more deaths than epidemics. In general, this leads to significant social disruption, economic losses and hardship.
The risk of infection is one of the key factors that make an epidemic a pandemic. Pandemics are usually caused by new viruses or virus strains that are unknown to most immune systems because they have never circulated before. This differs from epidemics, which can occur every year, and allows for rapid spread between people.
An epidemic is the spread of a disease in a community or region over a period of time. Epidemics can vary depending on where the disease occurs and the proportion of the population exposed to it.
A pandemic is a type of epidemic that has spread to at least three countries in the WHO region.
How do you survive a pandemic?
Surviving a pandemic can be harder than it looks. Whether it’s mental health, financial problems, good hygiene or other issues.
There are some do’s and don’ts that can help everyone during this pandemic.
- Keep your hands clean and disinfect them.
Regular hand washing is one of the best ways to protect yourself and your family from illness. Wash your hands thoroughly before doing anything. Practice it out of habit. Use a hand sanitizer containing more than 60% alcohol only if soap and water are not available.
- The practice of physical distance
Physical distance indicates a safe space between you and others who are not at home. If you are outdoors, it is important to stay at least three feet away from other people to slow the spread of the disease.
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- Washing fruits and vegetables
Always peel fruits and vegetables before eating, cutting or cooking. Wash or peel fruits and vegetables under running water, even if you don’t plan to eat them. Germs on the skin can get into fruits and vegetables if you cut them off by cutting off damaged or spoiled parts before you cook or eat them.
Cook all your meals well. This kills harmful microorganisms, making food safer to eat. If you’re going to eat something straight from the fridge, make sure you heat it up so it’s hot as steam. Cook food to 70°C, a temperature above which food is safer to eat.
- Keep the surfaces in your home clean.
Wear disposable gloves for regular cleaning and disinfection. Clean surfaces with soap and water and then use a disinfectant. If one person is sick, they have a separate bedroom and bathroom.
- Keep a 14-day supply of food on hand.
Be careful when you’re shopping. Even in areas where traffic is limited, people are still allowed to go outside to get basic necessities. If you only buy what you need at the moment, you can make sure there is enough for everyone.
- Stock up on the essentials for your sick day…
If you get sick, you should stay home unless you go out for medical attention. Book in advance for everything you need during your illness. If you are taking a prescription medication, try to fill it now so you have something more on hand.
- Take the baby and his equipment.
If you have children at home, you should make sure you have baby gear on hand. If you normally use diapers, wet wipes or formula, make sure to stock up for two weeks.
- Helping the elderly in the community.
Buy them what they need. Make sure their medication is in stock. Cook for them and leave it on their doorstep. First, let them know that if they have a fever with a cough or shortness of breath, they should call their doctor or the nearest hospital.
Physical activity releases endorphins and compounds in the brain that invigorate the mind and body. It can help improve all aspects of health. In addition to brightening mood and improving sleep, exercise can also boost the immune system, which is vital in the event of a pandemic.
Picture in the box is better if water splashes out.
- Stay calm and practice meditation.
During a pandemic, there are so many doubts about the future. It is natural and normal to feel anxiety, fear and frustration. Meditation can help us recognize these circumstances by preventing us from being pushed by strong emotions. This in turn can calm us down.
Try setting up a routine of age-appropriate learning programs, online, on TV or radio. Plan on playing and reading for hours, too. Use daily activities as an opportunity to educate your children.
Given the uncertainty about the future of many businesses, your financial priority now should be to cover necessary expenses. Evaluate your budget to find new ways to save.
Wake up and go to bed at the same time every day. Follow a strict work schedule to avoid the temptation of a long nap and turn off your computer at the end of a normal work day.
Do not survive a pandemic.
In most cases, panic leads people to make ill-informed and poorly thought out decisions. If you adhere to basic personal hygiene and other precautions, you are less likely to get an infection. Reliable information is essential. A pandemic does not describe the death rate of a disease, but its magnitude.
Don’t touch your face, nose and mouth too often. This helps reduce the chances of contracting the virus, because it won’t spread from your hands to your nose or mouth, where it can infect your body. Keeping hands clean also reduces the risk of spreading the infection.
- Don’t travel if you don’t have to.
Airports and planes are the most likely places to catch it. It is recommended that you do not travel unless necessary. If you are traveling, you should take the necessary precautions and pass a boarding inspection. Notify airport and airline personnel if you feel unwell during your trip.
- Don’t go to crowded places.
Public transport, gymnasiums and all other crowded places should be avoided. The greater the number of people, the greater the spread of the virus. If you have any symptoms, quarantine yourself. Staying away and not coming into contact with many people is the only way to contain the spread of the disease.
- Don’t believe everything you read on the internet.
Don’t believe anything unless it comes from a reliable source. The dissemination of false information and assurances about the treatment of the disease has increased panic and left a large part of the population disappointed. Do not fall into the trap yourself and do not spread information that does not come from a reliable source.
- Don’t look for alternative treatments.
If you think you have contracted the virus, do not use any treatment methods other than those recommended by your doctor. If you are infected, contact a trusted medical professional for treatment options.
The hands are warm, moist and often very good at transmitting disease. To avoid contamination, it is best not to shake hands. Instead, nod your head or show Namaste as a greeting.
- Do not go to the emergency room unless you are seriously ill.
If you have viral symptoms, it is best to seek the advice of your doctor. Do not go to the emergency room if the symptoms are not serious. It’s so you don’t contaminate the others.
Tips for strengthening the immune system during a pandemic
During a pandemic, it is more important than ever to adopt a positive lifestyle that can help you stay healthy and strengthen your immune system, the body’s complex system that fights infections and diseases.
While there is no magic pill to improve immune function, in general, a healthy lifestyle is your best defense.
Sleep is the time when the whole body system is restored. Scientists continue to study all the ways to improve sleep, but the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep cycle is of great importance.
For example, people with sleep apnea – a condition in which a person wakes up just before entering the REM sleep cycle – have a higher rate of mood disorders, memory problems, heart disease and possibly cancer. People should sleep six to eight hours a night and have good sleep hygiene.
Cortisol, a stress hormone, reduces the activity of the immune system. Stress can also affect sleep. When we worry and turn things over in our minds and we can’t stop thinking about it, it has a negative effect on our sleep. When we are stressed, we are more likely to make bad decisions, for example. B. Eating unhealthy foods, which can have a chain reaction on our overall health.
During a pandemic, when so much is happening that is out of our control, it is important to focus on those aspects of our immunity and flexibility that we can control.
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Aerobic exercise is associated with a more effective immune system. It also reduces stress and relieves depression. People who do aerobics get sick less often than people who don’t exercise regularly.
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Physical activity improves the cardiovascular system, lowers blood pressure, controls body weight, protects against various diseases. Choosing a form of aerobics is a great step toward improving the health of the immune system.
One of the keys to a strong immune system is good nutrition. The gut and the immune system are inevitably and symbiotically linked. If all is well, all is well with the immune system. So it’s not surprising that eating healthy foods leads to a healthy microbiome, which in turn leads to a healthy immune system that can fight off disease faster.
When a new disease emerges, there is the possibility of a pandemic, i.e. the spread of the disease throughout the world. There have been many recent pandemics, including the 1918 flu pandemic, the 2003 SARS outbreak and, most recently, the COPID 19 pandemic.
We can all do something to prepare for a possible pandemic and we should all take appropriate measures to slow down or stop the spread of a new disease.
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