Did you know that heart attack is one of the leading causes of death in the world? Studies have shown that cardiovascular disease kills 17.9 million people every year.
About 790,000 people in the United States suffer heart attacks each year. With such a high number, it’s likely you’ve heard of a heart attack in your area.
The following graph shows the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide.
Source : Statistics
Healthcare and hospitals have completely redefined the management of heart attack.
Fortunately, most survivors lead happy and fulfilling lives when you realize you are having a heart attack and take immediate action. Most ambulances can now remotely transmit a patient’s electrocardiogram (ECG/ECG) while the patient is en route to the emergency department.
This is very beneficial because it allows the doctors and emergency room staff to work with the patient when they arrive at the hospital and reduces the time it takes to rescue the patient to one hour.
What is a heart attack?
Photo by Karolina Grabowska from Pieces
As we all know, the main function of the heart is to pump oxygenated blood through the coronary artery into the body. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. If this blockage is not immediately opened, the heart tissue is deprived of oxygen and dies immediately.
It is usually caused by the rupture of the atheroma plaque, which creates a blood clot that blocks the artery.
Once a heart attack occurs, immediate medical attention is necessary. If the appliance is cleaned in two or three hours, it will be less damaged than an appliance that has stood for five or six hours.
Some data on myocardial infarction
Signs and symptoms of a heart attack
Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack is critical to getting immediate medical attention. If you think you are having a heart attack, seek medical attention immediately without wasting time.
Don’t forget: Every second counts in a heart attack.
Although chest pain is a classic symptom of a heart attack, other symptoms should not be excluded, such as B.
- Heartache as a symptom
- Respiratory difficulties
- Deep perspiration
- Pain in the shoulders, upper abdomen or back.
- Pain in one or both hands
It may sound strange, but a third of patients do not have chest pain, especially in the elderly or diabetic.
Sometimes the symptoms can be vague. They come gradually, stop and start again.
Dangers and consequences of a heart attack?
The outcome of a heart attack is difficult to predict because it depends mainly on the amount of heart muscle that dies.
It is mainly determined by :
- Which coronary artery is blocked.
- The time elapsed between the attack and the opening of the artery.
- Exact location of blocked artery, etc.
A blockage that resolves in a few hours causes less damage than one that remains untreated for five to six hours.
A blockage near the arterial origin affects the heart muscle more than a blockage occurring further down the artery.
What should you do if you think you are having a heart attack?
If you think you’re having a heart attack, there are a few steps you can take to get immediate help.
1. Call emergency number.
If a heart attack occurs, the longer you wait to go to the hospital, the lower your chances of survival.
To prevent damage to the heart muscle, immediate medical treatment is very important. Unfortunately, most people cannot recognize the symptoms and it will be too late if they go to the doctor. You have a better chance of survival if you go to the hospital within an hour of the heart attack.
Image by F. Muhammad de Pixabay
Calling the national emergency number (911 in the case of the United States/999 in Malaysia) is like going to your medical facility. You can start treatment before you even go to the hospital.
If you’re in a public place, for example. In a university, library, store or even a workplace, chances are there is a defibrillator available there.
Defibrillators are electronic devices that can restore a normal heart rhythm by sending waves of electrical impulses to the heart. This device can correct arrhythmias or even restore the heart rhythm when the heart suddenly stops.
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) can be found in many public places and are designed to save lives. Even untrained persons can operate this device with easy to understand instructions.
2. Take aspirin
Studies have shown that taking regular aspirin (325 milligrams) can help minimize heart attacks.
Aspirin helps slow down blood clotting. When taken after a heart attack, this medicine helps to minimize the size of blood clots that can form.
3. Keep calm
When the emergency team arrives, calmly explain your symptoms and the details of the medication you are taking.
Don’t worry if your symptoms turn out to be false alarms; remember, you’re not playing with your life when it comes to a heart attack.
4. Cough resuscitation procedure
Medical experts don’t recommend artificial breathing for coughing, but it’s worth trying if you feel like you’re losing control.
Some sources suggest that a deep breath followed by a deep cough can help raise blood pressure for a second or two, which helps pump more blood to the brain.
Sources also say that if the heart is not beating abnormally, it will help to bring it back to normal.
5. Water and cyanide pepper
Another recommendation is to drink a glass of water with a spoonful of cyanide pepper while waiting for the ambulance.
Some online sources claim that consuming cyanide pepper helps to increase heart rate and balance the circulatory system. Some others claim he can stop the bleeding immediately.
What should you not do if you have a heart attack?
1. NitroglycerinDo not take.
Although some drugs such as nitroglycerin can temporarily dilate blood vessels to improve blood flow to the heart, it is of no use in a heart attack.
Experts say that this substance is useful for the treatment of angina only when there is an imbalance between the demand and supply of blood from the heart.
2. Do not apply pressure to the chest.
Chest pressure doesn’t help if the heart doesn’t stop beating completely.
It is best to remain calm and wait for medical personnel.
3. Not going to hospital.
If you are having a heart attack, it is best to call the national emergency number and wait for an ambulance to arrive.
It is not advisable to go to the hospital unless you feel it is necessary. For example, if you are in a remote rural area and have to wait hours for an ambulance, it may be more dangerous to wait for health professionals than to arrange your transportation.
How can I help someone having a heart attack?
If you think someone is having a heart attack, call 911 first.
After the call, help them get into a comfortable position to relieve their hearts.
The best position is to sit on the floor, resting your head and shoulders and bending your knees. If you find pillows, try to place them behind the person’s lower back and under the knees.
Ask them if they are allergic to aspirin. If not, give them 300 mg of aspirin and let them chew it slowly.
While helping the person stay calm, monitor the person’s heart rate, breathing, and reaction level.
If you think you’re having a heart attack, don’t worry, because you’re not the only one who can have one.
The most helpful thing you can do for yourself or for someone who has had a heart attack is to call 911 without wasting time.
In the outpatient clinic, healthcare professionals measure your heart activity, which is transmitted wirelessly to hospitals. The ambulance staff is well prepared and ready when you arrive at the hospital.
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