Did you know that heart attacks are one of the leading causes of death in the world? Studies have shown that cardiovascular disease kills 17.9 million people every year.
Each year, approximately 790,000 people in the United States suffer a heart attack. With such a high number, it is likely that you have heard of a heart attack in your area.
The following graph shows the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease worldwide.
Source : Statistics
Healthcare systems and hospitals have completely redefined the treatment of heart attack.
Fortunately, most survivors lead happy and fulfilling lives when you realize you are having a heart attack and take immediate action. Most ambulances can now remotely transmit a patient’s electrocardiogram (ECG/ECG) while the patient is en route to the emergency department.
This is very advantageous because the doctors and staff of the emergency departments can be ready to work with the patient as soon as he arrives at the hospital and the time to save the patient can be reduced to one hour.
What is a heart attack?
As we all know, the main function of the heart is to pump oxygenated blood through the coronary artery into the body. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. If this blockage is not immediately opened, the heart tissue no longer receives oxygen and dies immediately.
It is usually caused by the rupture of an atheroma plaque, which creates a blood clot that blocks the artery.
Once a heart attack occurs, immediate medical attention is essential. If the unit is cleaned in two or three hours, it will be less damaged than a unit that has been sitting for five or six hours.
Some data on myocardial infarction
Signs and symptoms of a heart attack
Recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack is critical to getting immediate medical attention. If you think you are having a heart attack, seek medical attention immediately without wasting time.
Remember: Every second counts in a heart attack.
Although chest pain is a classic symptom of a heart attack, other symptoms should not be excluded, such as B.
- Heartburn as a symptom
- Respiratory difficulties
- Heavy sweating
- Pain in the shoulders, upper abdomen or back.
- Pain in one or both hands
It may sound strange, but a third of patients do not have chest pain, especially those who are elderly or have diabetes.
Sometimes the symptoms can be vague. They come gradually, stop and start again.
Dangers and consequences of a heart attack?
The outcome of a heart attack is difficult to predict because it depends mainly on the amount of heart muscle that dies.
It is mainly determined by :
- Which coronary artery is blocked.
- The time that elapsed between the attack and the opening of the artery.
- Exact location of the blocked artery…
A clog that is cleared within a few hours causes less damage than one that remains untreated for five to six hours.
A blockage near the arterial origin affects the heart muscle more than a blockage that occurs further up the artery.
What should you do if you think you are having a heart attack?
If you think you’re having a heart attack, there are a few steps you can take to get immediate help.
1. Call emergency number.
In case of a heart attack, the longer you wait to go to the hospital, the smaller your chances of survival.
To prevent damage to the heart muscle, immediate medical treatment is very important. Unfortunately, most people do not recognize the symptoms and it is too late when they go to the doctor. You have a better chance of survival if you go to the hospital within an hour of the heart attack.
Calling the national emergency number (911 in the case of the United States/999 in Malaysia) is like going to your medical facility. You can start treatment even before you are in hospital.
If you’re in a public place, for example. For example, in a university, library, shop or even a workshop, there is a good chance a defibrillator is available.
Defibrillators are electronic devices that can restore a normal heart rhythm by sending waves of electrical impulses to the heart. This device can correct arrhythmias or even restore the heart rhythm when the heart suddenly stops.
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) can be found in many public places and are designed to save lives. Even untrained persons can operate this unit with easy to understand instructions.
2. Take aspirin
Studies have shown that taking regular aspirin (325 milligrams) can help minimize heart attacks.
Aspirin helps slow down blood clotting. When taken after a heart attack, this medication helps minimize the size of blood clots that can form.
3. Keep calm
When the emergency team arrives, calmly explain what your symptoms are and what medications you are taking.
Don’t worry if your symptoms turn out to be false alarms; remember, you’re not playing with your life when it comes to a heart attack.
4. Cough resuscitation procedure
Medical experts do not recommend artificial ventilation for coughs, but it is worth a try if you feel like you are losing control.
Some sources suggest that a deep breath followed by a deep cough can raise blood pressure for a second or two, pumping more blood to the brain.
Sources also say that if the heart is not beating abnormally, it will help it to beat normally again.
5. Water and cyanide
Another recommendation is to drink a glass of water with a spoonful of cyanide pepper while waiting for the ambulance.
Some online sources claim that consuming cyanide pepper helps to increase the heart rate and balance the circulatory system. Some others claim he can stop the bleeding immediately.
What should you not do if you have a heart attack?
1. Do not take nitroglycerin.
Although some drugs, such as nitroglycerin, can temporarily dilate blood vessels to improve blood flow to the heart, they are of no use in a heart attack.
Experts say that this substance is useful for the treatment of angina only when there is an imbalance between the demand and supply of blood by the heart.
2. Do not apply pressure to the chest.
Pressure on the chest does not help if the heart does not stop beating completely.
It is best to remain calm and wait for medical personnel to arrive.
3. Not going to hospital.
If you are having a heart attack, it is best to call the national emergency number and wait for an ambulance to arrive.
It is not recommended to go to the hospital unless you think it is necessary. For example, if you are in a remote rural area and have to wait for an ambulance for hours, it may be more dangerous to wait for health professionals than to arrange your transportation.
How can I help someone who is having a heart attack?
If you think someone is having a heart attack, the first thing you do is call 911.
After the conversation, help them get into a comfortable position to relieve their heart.
The best position is to sit on the floor, resting your head and shoulders and bending your knees. If you find pillows, try to place them behind the person’s lower back and under the knees.
Ask them if they are allergic to aspirin. If not, give them 300 mg of aspirin and let them chew it slowly.
As you help the person stay calm, monitor their heart rate, breathing and responsiveness.
End of words
If you think you’re having a heart attack, don’t worry, because you’re not the only one who can have one.
The most helpful thing you can do for yourself or someone who has had a heart attack is to call 911 without wasting time.
In the outpatient clinic, healthcare professionals measure your heart activity and transmit the data wirelessly to the hospital. The ambulance staff will be well prepared and ready when you arrive at the hospital.
frequently asked questions
What are the chances of surviving a heart attack?
Nowadays, more than 90% of people suffer a myocardial infarction. This is the technical term for a heart attack; it refers to an area of damaged and dying heart muscle caused by an interruption in blood supply. Part of the decline in mortality is due to doctors’ ability to diagnose and treat smaller, less fatal heart attacks.
How can I stop a heart attack immediately?
Acting quickly can save lives. When administered soon after symptoms appear, drugs that break clots and open arteries can stop a heart attack, and catheterization with an inserted stent can open a clogged blood vessel. The longer you wait to treat, the greater the chances of survival and the more damage to your heart.
Can you survive a heart attack?
After a first heart attack, most people have a long and full life. However, about 20% of patients aged 45 and older have another heart attack within five years of the first heart attack.
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