Dam failures are natural disasters that occur when lake levels rise and the surrounding area becomes overwhelmed with water. When this occurs, a dam failure will result in flooding that may threaten to destroy property, force evacuations, and in some cases cause injury or death to residents in the area. Even though a dam is built to control and contain large amounts of water, natural events can cause dam failures. To prepare for a dam failure, you need to learn more about the natural disasters that can affect your area and how you can respond to the situation.
Many dams are built with a spillway, which directs runoff from the lake into the river. During heavy rain or snow storms, a spillway may be filled with water because of high water levels in the lake. If this happens, flooding can occur in your home or around your property. It is important to understand the risks involved in a lake that is experiencing a spillway failure. Your home could be damaged beyond repair if a spillway becomes full of water, and you could even experience injury if it floods while you are trying to get out.
In addition to the flooding that can occur when a lake or dam spills over, another common natural disaster that can occur is a hurricane or tornado. Severe weather can quickly overwhelm a lake or dam, sending water in all directions. Powerful storms can even completely destroy a dam. Before a dam fails, it is important to recognize the conditions of the surrounding area that will be affected if it does fail. Some areas can be severely damaged by flooding, while others may not suffer at all. You should make sure that you are prepared to live and work in the area for several days or weeks during the event of a dam failure.
The National Weather Service has an official warning that hurricane and tornado emergencies may be occurring within 24 hours of a warning. If you live in the path of a severe storm or hurricane, you need to familiarize yourself with the emergency information. You should also take any family members who live in the area with you into the emergency shelters if possible to ensure their safety.
Once you know the general directions of the immediate area, you should take specific action to prepare yourself for an emergency situation. You should know what to do in case of flooding, electrical outages, or a tornado or hurricane. You should document your family’s survival plan and your emergency kit so that you will have it should an emergency strike. You should purchase items that are durable and carry them with you as you evacuate your home. It is important that you learn how to efficiently use these emergency supplies so that you will not waste them. Consider carrying flashlights, candles, blankets, and pillows with you to provide comfort to your family in case of power outages and flooding.
It is vital that you learn how to safely remove debris from your home so that you will not put your life at risk by walking on top of it. If there are animals in your home that could be harmful to you and your family, you should take immediate action to remove them. You should also make sure that your family members are safe and secure before you leave your home. Some families prefer to meet in an emergency shelter, but if this isn’t possible, you should try to ride out the storm in a designated location. As long as you are safe and sound, you should ensure that your pets are also okay.
You should contact a reputable crisis management company if you have questions about how to prepare to survive a dam failure. These companies are experienced at disaster management and can provide you with helpful advice. They can also give you the phone numbers of the nearest emergency shelters in your area. It is best to call several companies before deciding on one so that you can compare fees and services.
It is important to have a crisis plan when natural disasters strike. A well-prepared family and pet community are the best possible solution when disaster strikes. This is especially true if emergency services aren’t readily available. Make sure that you and your family know what to do before you head out on a trip. If you can take simple precautions, it will reduce the chances of encountering a dam failure and save you a lot of pain and suffering in the end.