Did you know that unlike more geographically limited natural disasters such as fires, tornadoes, k2 rf and hurricanes, floods can occur almost anywhere and their effects can be devastating if you are not prepared?
Every year floods cause enormous damage all over the world. Floods have caused 12 percent of all disaster-related deaths over the past decade. This resulted in 93,000 deaths.
Floods can cause significant destruction resulting in loss of life and personal property. Between 1998 and 2017, more than 2 billion people worldwide were affected by floods.
photo by Chris Gallagher on Unsplash
Some interesting flood data
- Even a few inches of high water can cause thousands of dollars of damage.
- This is the first natural disaster in the United States.
- Lightning can bring 10 to 15 feet of water.
- Water up to a meter high can easily carry a vehicle.
- If your home is in a high flood risk area, you will need special flood insurance.
- Homeowners on the 100-year floodplain have a one-in-four chance of being flooded.
- Flooding techniques help minimize property damage and loss of life. That gives you $5 for every dollar you invest.
- Over the past decade, the intensity and frequency of storms have increased dramatically.
- Over 17% of the land in the United States is in a 100-year flood zone.
- During flash floods, well water can rise 10 to 20 feet.
- In the United States, more than 100 people die each year due to flooding (in 2015).
- The Yellow River in China has experienced four of the deadliest floods in the history of the world. The 1931 flood killed 1 to 4 million people.
What causes floods?
A flood is an overflow of water onto the land. It can happen almost anywhere. The intensity of a flood can vary from covering an area with a few centimetres of water to completely submerging a multi-storey building.
Floods are often unpredictable and their effects can last for days, weeks or even months.
Here are some of the main reasons for the floods:
- Excessive rain.
- The storm pushes seawater towards the coastal areas.
- The melting of snow and ice known as ice cubes.
- Sudden failure of water systems such as dams, public water systems, sewers, etc.
- The waterways are clogged with debris or ice.
- Excessive amounts of water enter streams, rivers and lakes due to heavy precipitation or rapid snowmelt.
What is a flash flood?
Flash floods are very dangerous and occur unexpectedly and without warning. This happens when the soil absorbs more rainwater than its normal absorption capacity.
Excess water quickly flows into rivers and overloads storm drains and ditches, causing flash floods.
Flood survival tips
Even if you live in a low flood risk area, you should keep this in mind: Just because you haven’t experienced floods in the past doesn’t mean they won’t happen in the future.
The risk of flooding depends on a number of factors, including. B. Topography, precipitation, climate change, river flow, etc.
How do you prepare for a flood?
When there is a chance of flooding, being prepared in advance can mean the difference between life and death.
If you live in an area at risk of severe flooding, check the local weather forecast. The national meteorological service of each country is responsible for issuing flood warnings, which are announced on public radio and television stations.
If you know there’s a flood coming. These are the things you need to do:
- Put the items you need in a leak-proof container.
- Raise the electrical panel, water heater and boiler in your home if you live in an area at risk of flooding.
- If possible, build barriers to prevent water from entering your building. Seal the basement walls with waterproof materials.
- Make sure your vehicle’s tank is full in case of emergency.
- Take what you can, for example B. important documents, photo albums and anything else you can to the top floor of the house.
- Consider installing check valves to prevent water from entering your home’s sewer system.
- Place sandbags around your home to drain water and prevent debris from entering your home and yard.
- Reinforce all elements that are not statically stable.
- Move all the furniture out of the room.
- Remove debris from the yard so it can’t do any damage.
- Protect your pets in case of flooding.
- If you have livestock that cannot be moved to higher ground, let them run. That way they have the best chance of survival.
- Create a family communication plan and put together an emergency kit.
What to do in case of flooding?
If flooding is expected in your area.
- Get the latest flood information in the news.
- If flooding is imminent, move immediately to higher ground and do not wait for evacuation instructions.
- Be aware of the location of drainage ditches, creeks or other waterways and try to avoid the trail as much as possible.
- Turn off the power and main switches and disconnect all electrical appliances from the mains.
What if you cannot evacuate?
If for some reason you were unable to evacuate and found yourself in flooding, here are some tips to keep in mind.
Never walk on water when it’s above your ankles. The water level can rise suddenly and you can lose your footing before you can hold on to anything.
If you have no choice but to stay home, go to the top floor. Never enter a locked room, as you may get trapped there with no way to escape.
Don’t get smart enough to navigate safely. The tides flow with great force, making it difficult for even the best swimmer to swim. Also, fast flowing water often brings a lot of debris that you can pull into the water.
What to do if you are stuck in a car?
If you are in a car during a flood, stop the car immediately and run to higher ground.
Never go through the floods, as many people have died trying to do so. You put your life and the lives of the other passengers in great danger.
Research has shown that two quick water legs are more than enough to sweep even large cars.
photo by Chris Gallagher on Unsplash
However, if the current is too high and you cannot get out of the car, call the national emergency number (911 for the USA/999 for Malaysia) and get on the roof of the car.
What to do after a flood?
If you survived the flood, wait for the water to recede before going home.
The extent of flood damage depends on several factors, e.g., B.
- Water pollution
- rising water level
- Water flow, etc.
Here are some things to consider after a flood:
- Do not go home until the place is declared safe.
- Avoid running water.
- If you must walk or drive, choose areas that are not flooded.
- Be sure to stay on land and avoid walking or driving in running water. Moving water that is only 15 cm thick can cause you to lose your footing.
- Try to avoid all flooded areas unless you have been specifically trained to help.
- Try to avoid contact with high water, which can sometimes carry electrical charges from underground power lines.
- Get out of a building surrounded by high water.
- Roads can be damaged after a flood. Be sure to use only the recommended route when driving.
- Never enter a partially destroyed or collapsed building. The whole structure must be weak and can collapse without warning.
- Floods increase the risk of landslides or mudslides. Be wary if you live in such an area.
- During floods, wildlife, especially snakes and bears, lose their habitat and often seek refuge in abandoned houses and buildings.
- Floods cause erosion that affects man-made structures such as sidewalks, bridges, curbs, etc. Be careful before entering these structures.
Photo by Casey Horner on Unsplash
What do you do when you finally get home?
Surviving a flood can be physically and emotionally draining for anyone. Understand that you are not alone, and that many have survived. Stay and take care of yourself and your family.
Once you get home, you can get an idea of the extent of the damage. Sometimes just a few inches of water can cost several thousand dollars in repairs.
Take pictures of the flood damage and report it to your insurance company as soon as possible.
Once you’re in your house, check:
- Wild Animals
- Damaged electrical appliances
- Gas leak
- Slippery surface
- Loose floorboards, etc.
When it comes to cleaning your home after a flood, follow these instructions:
- Never turn on the power to the unit without having it inspected and approved by a qualified electrician.
- Wear coveralls, a mask and protective gloves when cleaning waste.
- Remove the wet carpet, clean it and dry it in the sun.
- Water-saturated drywall and wood must be replaced or repaired, depending on the extent of the damage.
- Use a flashlight and no spark plugs as this can cause a fire due to a gas leak.
- Discard any unused food and bring it into contact with water.
- Thoroughly clean and disinfect all surfaces that have been in contact with floodwater.
- Check for damage to the water supply, septic tank and repairs.
- Eat well and rest
- Discuss your problems with other people to get a sense of support.
- If you hire workers to remove your waste, make sure they are qualified and experienced to do the job.
Flood survival kits
Having a flood survival kit can sometimes mean the difference between life and death. Having survival items in your kit makes the task less stressful.
Make a list of the items you need and put them in an airtight container. Remember, this is not a last-minute job, as floods can happen at any time.
Some items in your emergency kit are included:
- First Aid Kits
- Copies of important documents
- Clothing and blankets
- Bottled water
- Basic hygiene products
- Chargers, etc.
You can add other important items of your choice and make sure it is easy to transport.
While it’s impossible to completely prevent water from entering your home, there are things you can do to minimize its impact. In this article we will give you some tips on how to survive a flood.
Flooding can happen at any time without warning and it is best to be prepared if you live in a flood prone area.
Knowing flood protection tips can increase survival rates and reduce the impact on you and your family.
How to load…
what to do during a flood, flood prevention tips, types of flood, prevention of flood, causes of flood, flood pictures, flood preparedness kit, typhoon emergency kit, survival tips for landslides, survival tips for hurricanes, flood survival kit, interesting facts about floods, what to do in a flood at home, how to prepare for a flood, how to survive a flood, what should you do during a flood, flood preparedness, tips to survive from flood, what to do in case of flooding, how to survive a flood in a car